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Empire of Kodeshia

Shānhé Jiān Dìguó
Flag of Kodeshia
Imperial Emblem
Imperial Emblem
Motto: 民族,统一,皇帝!
Mínzú, tǒngyī, huángdì!
("Nation, Unity, Emperor!")
Anthem: 頌皇国旗!
Sòng huáng guóqí!
("Praise the Imperial Flag!")
Area controlled by Kodeshia shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
Area controlled by Kodeshia shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
Capital Songhari
Largest city Chenghai
Official languages Guoyu
Recognised regional languages
List of languages
Ethnic groups
List of ethnicities
  • Kodeshi
  • Kodeshian
Government Unitary dominant-party parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Zhao Changfu
Liao Dengjie
Legislature National Representative Assembly
2800 BCE
221 BC
12 May 1928
24 June 1964
8 November 2012
• Total
2,024,400 km2 (781,600 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
• 2010 census
• Density
247/km2 (639.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• Total
$4.343 trillion[1]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• Total
$1.761 trillion [3]
• Per capita
Gini (2017) negative increase 38.4
HDI (2010) Increase 0.698
Currency Huizi (Hz; 會子) (KHZ)
Time zone +5
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Driving side left
Calling code +14
Internet TLD .ko

Kodeshia (/Koʊˈdɛzhə/ (About this soundlisten) Koh-DEH-zha; Guoyu: 山河间; Shānhé Jiān), officially the Empire of Kodeshia (Guoyu: 山河间帝國;Shānhé Jiān Dìguó), is a sovereign state in Kesh, constituting the home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, located on Anterra. Covering an area of approximately over 1.9 million square kilometres, it is the world's third largest country by both land and total area.[5] Kodeshia is bordered to the north by Qarai, Alva, Bakfong, to the west by HCCK, to the southwest Qingcheng and to the east by Selengeria. Other neighbouring countries include Akiteiwa and Shimakawa, The country is divided into 22 provinces. It has a population of over 500 million inhabitants. Kodeshia's capital city is Songhari, while its most populous city is Chenghai. Kodeshia developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal, plant life and local culture.

Kodeshia is considered a cradle of civilisation, with its known history beginning with some of the world's earliest ancient civilisations in the fertile basin of the Changnan River (长南河) in the Southern Plains. For millennia, Kodeshia's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Ying'guo dynasty (c. 2800 BCE). Since 221 BCE, when the Dajiang state first conquered several smaller states to form a Kodeshi empire, the country has seen cycles of expansion, prosperity along with periods of decline and fracture. The centuries long period of absolute monarchy was ended with the establishment of the Imperial State of Kodeshia at the end of the Grand Campaigns. But this new constitutional monarchy was short lived as political deadlock descended into a brutal civil war in which the republican rebels overthrew the old regime and established the State of Kodeshia led by war hero Guo Guotai.

Following the death of Emperor Qinghuiguo in 1964 the Guoist regime was thrown into chaos and Guo Guotai already in poor health died months later causing a power struggle that led to the Xuanyi Restoration. These events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the Emperor of Kodeshia. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Kodeshia's political and social structure. The Constitution remained but it was amended to give the Emperor near-absolute power modelled along the lines of Bakfong's monarchy which backed the restoration along with Alva, who backed the democrats more than the royalists. However to win the support of the democratic factions within the government the parliament was maintained and a pathway to a more democratic constitutional monarchy was promised yet no timeline was given. The stability of this new system was shaken almost immediately by a coup d'état attempt led by the Military Generals against the democratic parties in the government leading to a large scale insurgency and decade long conflicts. Kodeshia's political system combines elements of a presidential democracy and an absolute monarchy, with the ultimate authority vested in an Emperor. The Kodeshia government is widely considered to be authoritarian, with significant constraints and abuses against human rights and civil liberties.

Kodeshia's history since has been characterised by periods of rapid economic change and political instability. The country continues to face challenging problems, including pollution, natural disasters, sectarian violence, poverty, illiteracy, and corruption. Despite these factors, Kodeshia has achieved significant progress in social and economic development as a result of rapid economic growth and industrialisation and improving health and food production services reducing poverty rates substantially. Geographically, its diversity of landscapes, ranging from tropical rainforests to desert mountain steppes and temperate climate zones. The country is a member of several multilateral organisations, including the Unaligned Nations Consortium, and a founding member of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation and Sanqing.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The name "Kodeshia" has a long and complex history that is intertwined with the country's past and culture. The term was first documented in a 15th-century translation of a journal written by Artemian explorers. However, the origin of the name is still a matter of debate among scholars.

The official name of the modern state is the "Empire of Kodeshia" (Guoyu: 山河间帝國;Shānhé Jiān Dìguó). The shorter form is "Kodeshia" Shānhéjiān (山河间) literally means "Between mountains and rivers" and is a reflection of the nation's unique natural landscape and has its origins in ancient times. It had been used to by scholars, poets, and travellers for centuries to describe the land, its people, and its culture. The alternative Jiāngguó (江國) literally means river state, which alludes to the foundation myths of the first ancient semi-mythological Ying'guo dynasty. However, this name is not in common use and is generally only found in historical texts.

The demonym, that is, the name for the people, and adjectival form "Kodeshi" or occasionally "Kodeshian" developed later. Some scholars have suggested that the word Kodeshia is derived from the name of the old imperial empires a proposal that has found widespread support, although there are also a number of alternative suggestions.

But it is also sometimes known as Kòudàlù (竘大陆), from Kòu ("governance"), dà ("big") and lù ("land"). This usage came about after the end of Imperial rule and differs from the common English word Kodeshia which is derived from the old Imperial name, Kòudìzhōu (竘帝州), from Kòu ("governance"), Dì ("emperor") and zhōu ("state").

History[edit | edit source]

Prehistory[edit | edit source]

Prehistory of Kodeshia refers to the period before written records were kept and before the rise of civilization in the region. The evidence of early human occupation in what is now Kodeshia dates back to the Paleolithic era, approximately one to two million years ago. This evidence includes fossilized bones of various animal species, which indicate that early human hunters had a significant impact on the fauna of the region at that time.

The Longbei River system is considered the backbone of Kodeshia and has been densely inhabited throughout history. As a result, there is evidence of human occupation and various societies throughout the region. The earliest evidence of human settlement in the region is from the Paleolithic era, during which time various types of tools have been discovered. These tools, such as stone hand-axes and other implements, suggest that human beings lived in the region during this time, but the evidence of their daily lives is limited to the tools they left behind.

The Paleolithic inhabitants of Kodeshia show no signs of cultivation or domestication of animals, and their way of life appears to have been simple, with a focus on hunting and gathering. However, a significant event in Kodeshi prehistory was the slow penetration of the first rice farmers from the north, which began in the late 3rd millennium BCE. The earliest signs of these rice farmers are small settlements along the Changnan River. Over the next several hundred years, these settlements slowly expanded and took over the region as more and more farmers settled in the area. These early farmers grew crops and raised animals, including oxen.

The origins of these rice farmers are still a topic of debate among historians, with some suggesting that they may have come from Southeast Kesh or even from Avalonia, this is part of the wider out of Avalonia theory put forward by some historians. However, it is clear that their arrival in Kodeshia marked a significant change in the region's history, leading to the development of agriculture and the rise of civilization. Archaeological evidence from this period includes pottery, which was used for cooking and storage, as well as more sophisticated tools and implements for farming.

Early dynastic rule[edit | edit source]

The beginning of the kingdom of Kodeshia began with several small cities and villages near the Changnan River between the mountain ranges in the south and the fertile basin of the Longbei River in the north which later came to be known as the 'Golden Plain'. The city-states of this period were each led by a powerful ruler or tribal group usually known as the "King" (Guoyu: 王; pinyin: wáng). The period between 2800 to 2100 BCE was marked by the rise of many tribes under this title. Some were already in control of small city-states while others were still nomadic. The beginning of this period is marked by the ascension of the first "King" or ruler known as Ying'guo. The "King" of the tribe was a powerful warrior who united several small tribes in the area by about 2800 BCE.

According to some reports, his reign was marked by a series of natural disasters. Others, however, say that he was a benevolent ruler who brought the people together but was struck down by a plague. After his death, his various tribes became disorganized; conflicts broke out among his successor. The "King" of the Shanyue tribe, Leigu, was not officially declared the new ruler by his peers, but rather took power by force. The other tribes eventually agreed to live under his rule in an uneasy alliance. After a few decades, the people of the region grew restless under Shanyue rule and a series of uprisings began. The Shanyue king responded by forming alliances with other nearby tribes. In 2080 BCE, a coalition was formed and invaded Ying'guo's former territory. The tribes were eventually successful, driven off or absorbed the tribe and incorporated them into the new coalition. This became know as the Guzhu dynasty.

The city-states of the period were fairly small. The largest would only have held about ten thousand people, though some of the tribes were as large as several hundred thousand. The people farmed and herded, and some hunted. They used simple tools and weapons made from wood and stone. Some used pottery. Most lived in small houses. There were no cities as such, just several tribal towns that would occasionally unite for military purposes. They worshipped many gods, nature spirits and ancestor worship. Religion was important, but not as much as the other aspects of life.

Some tribes used the mountains as their main residence. The largest of these were the Youling, who lived in the mountainous region to the north. They were divided into several tribes, but most notable were the three which held sway over the three largest cities: Youling, Zhao and Shanyue. They vied with each other for influence and power. Shanyue were essentially the same as the Zel tribe, but also included many immigrant Shanyue from further north. Zhao was a loose alliance of several warring houses. The people of the region, despite their tribal origins, were increasingly becoming a single entity. The numerous wars and struggles for power had drawn many people together. Trade had increased, and there was an extensive road system. There was a strong desire for the people to be unified, not just by race, but by culture and language.

The concept of nationalism, which would become a major political force in the coming centuries, first arose. Youling and Shanyue were the first to develop this idea. The Zel tribe, still ruled by the royal family of Shanyue, was the last to do so. The rulers of Zel were strong believers in maintaining the status quo, which often resulted in them being opposed by nationalist movements. By 1800 BCE, the desire for independence was becoming more widespread among the people. Most of the cities were so opposed that they made contact with the rulers of the Zhao and Youling cities. It was agreed that an alliance would be beneficial to all involved, and three cities made pacts. The rulers of these three cities would meet at the border and help coordinate the military effort towards the other cities. This meeting became known as the "Conference of the Three Tribes". The three cities of the "tribes" were really just small kingdoms at this point. The rulers were still generally though to exist under the Ying'guo dynasty.

Despite them agreeing to this pact, the unity of the Ying’guo dynasty and the three cities of the tribes fell apart and they continued to fight. By 1300 BCE this new alliance had consolidated into the united Guo dynasty, with the royal family of Shanyue at its head. The rulers of the cities had not been content with just that though; as it was power and control that they were after, not simple conquest. They had struck deals with the ruler of the Youling tribe, and the ruler of the Yourling tribe in return for military and financial support they had helped them to secure. The rulers of the cities had become quite the military power and were using their new strength to expand their own empires.

In 856 BCE, this pattern of expansion and consolidation was broken by the appearance of a new power on the horizon. The unity broke and factions fought against each other in a struggle for power until 842 BCE. By this time the powerful Xian dynasty took power after defeating the rival factions in battle. The rulers of the three cities were furious by this. They had expected to become strong powers, not be subsumed into the ever-expanding Xian dynasty. This was a period where many rebellions occurred, some successful, but the most lasting one was the Sanguang Rebellion. It was a period of interstate power struggles, internal conflict was also rife. The leaders of the three cities met during this time and formed a new pact to fight against the forces of the “King”. The three cities prepared their armies for war. The rulers of the cities had their best and most loyal troops, but the rulers of the Zhao and Youling cities had similar arrangements. The war was brutal, and it took place on several fronts. The rulers of the three cities could not afford to have the full might of the “King” directed against them, fortunately this was also the period where the “King” had become obsessed with defending his borders.

Smaller conflicts were fought which suited the rebels just fine, as they had more time to prepare for a counterattack. This went on for another fifteen years, each side making progress and then being forced back by the other. During this time, the rulers of the three cities became more and more entrenched in their own beliefs. They each believed they were doing the right thing, that they were serving the gods by fighting the Xian dynasty. The rulers were sometimes heard speaking of how their ancestors would be able to look up and see their actions as the ultimate fulfilment of their faith. The first fifteen years of the rebellion war had been the hardest. The progress made during this time had depleted the ranks of many villages and towns, further straining the resources of the people. After two centuries, the people were finding it more difficult to survive.

In the second century a change occurred. With each passing year, more and more people found themselves able to work the land again, or even start farming it for the first time because of this progress. The people were living better lives now than they ever had. The rulers and their armies were making sacrifices, trading food and goods for the right to work the land. The people also found ways to deal with the excess population. However, all this change had a downside. The population was growing again and there were simply not enough jobs to go around. The rulers were having to rethink some of their policies.

By the century's middle half, more and more of the rulers had abandoned their war on the people. They continued to tax the people harshly but distributed the money more equally.

In the century's later half, it became apparent that the population growth could no longer be stopped. The population explosion was causing other problems as well. The towns and villages, though self-sustaining, could still not support a large enough population. Nothing could have prepared them for such a long, monsoon. It rained for over a year. It flooded the low-lying areas, and many swamps and marshes became large lakes. The rivers overflowed their banks and caused massive floods. There was no way to predict such a thing, and no way to prepare. When the rains stopped, the world had changed completely. The land had risen several feet and cracked in many areas. Mountain ranges shifted or collapsed entirely. Many tribes were wiped out in this time. Many other bands took what little resources they had left and made a run for the hills. It took many months for even the most resilient of groups to make it to where they could farm again. Those that didn't die off completely died of starvation when the soil was unable to support life anymore. This great disaster caused chaos for the ruling Xian dynasty that had survived the rebellions and wars, but the floods and monsoons were too much.

Ultimately by 256 BCE the Xian dynasty fell apart and was succeeded by the Zu dynasty that implemented transformative and lasting changes. Creating huge public projects like a new dams and water management systems and roads and canals to help trading. Eventually this would lead to the population explosion and mass migration to the cities that we see today. The Zu dynasty is also credited with the formation of the tile of Emperor replacing that of ‘’King’’.

Imperial Kodeshia[edit | edit source]

In the later stages of the Zu dynasty the concept known as the "Tianren", or literally "The Person of Heaven". The ruler of the Empire was called the "Tianren", and it was he who ensured the prosperity of the Empire. The Emperor was the "Tianren" during most of his reign. The concept of a "Tianren" was first introduced by Teacher Jin Ying in the Later Zu period.

The teacher saw that the Emperor was confused on his role, leaving material reality and moving towards fruitless mysticism. He wrote the Lectures of the Teacher in somewhere around Western Kodeshia or modern Hydar and was purported to go on a great expedition through the mountains to deliver it to the emperor. The Emperor had him executed, but his work was not lost due to being found by a young general. This young general would go on to form the Zheng Dynasty using Jin Ying's precepts.

His work would become one of the Five Classics in Kodeshia. The concept of the "Tianren" is as follows: The person who is Tianren is thought to be a deity in themselves, and the temporary controller of all forces assigned to them by Heaven. Thus all states that are in union with heaven must give deference to them, and the holder of the position must create "strong rules, and strong punishments" to regulate the states beneath them. Tianren's grace and competence in governing is thought to affect the people and earth and if they fails in their job "the people will fall into degeneracy, the fields will fail, the sciences will be lost, and the empire will decay away from heaven". When the circle of states breaks up again with the position of Tianren is in multiple hands, heaven has abandoned the current dynasty and is looking for another. This is the role of the ruler of the Empire, which Emperor Han Tzu solemnly accepted and fulfilled. He was "Tianren" and everything was legal if done by him. In the beginning of the Zheng era, Emperor Han Tzu was the only ruler and he ruled by divine right. Everything was legal if Emperor Han Tzu decided it was. This of course created a need for the system of checks and balances on the ruler, but not on the ruler's subjects.

Emperor Han Tzu never extended to his people the grace and competence he showed to his soldiers. His understanding of the role of the ruler was that of a warrior, not a statesman. As a result, the Empire stagnated and declined. When this attitude became the norm for the ruler, as it has for the last three rulers of the Empire, it created a great divide in the people of the Empire. The educated and the peasants saw it as an insult that their lives did not matter to the noble rulers of the Empire. The noble rulers saw it to use the glory of the ruler to control the masses. This resulted in the peasants becoming increasingly desperate as they lost their lands, animals, homes and in some cases their entire villages.

Three dynasties era[edit | edit source]

This led to the decline of the Zheng dynasty, leading to the Three dynasties era with the Empire fracturing into the northern Bei dynasty, the southern Nan dynasty and the central Yang dynasty. The Zheng dynasty lacked the power with its decline and it was dependent on the protection of neighbouring dynasties. By shifting alliances the Zheng dynasty was able to survive and outlast the breakaways regions. But it was a period of war and chaos. It is of note that all rulers in the Three State period besides the Zheng were directly in charge of the military.

This period of separate weaker dynasties would last until the Jie dynasty appeared around 503 CE having slowly consolidating its forces to slowly conquer the smaller states with the southern Nan dynasty having already outlasted the northern and middle kingdoms by this period. The Jie dynasty claimed the divine rule of Tianren and that they were the true successor to the Zheng dynasty which collapsed after the loss of its ally in the Nan state. The rule of the Jie period was marked by strong rule but failed to relive the glory of the Zu period.

This led to the River of Blood war which occurred around the year 495 CE. The war was a result of the Nan wanting to see the destruction of the Jie for it's expansionism and arrogance. But the arrival of the skilled nomadic cavalry forces of the northern Xi tribes allowed them to take on the mighty southern kingdom as a counter measure to stop the threat of total destruction.

The war ended with the Jie in complete control of all lands west of the mountains and the southern kingdom focused on holding on to what it had. This was not enough and by 503 CE the Jie forces had completely taken all the territory of the Nan dynasty and its forces were wiped out in a bloody siege on the capital and this led to sudden collapse of the Zheng in the face of the overwhelming force. The Jie dynasty became the Tianren and ruled on the throne until 712 CE.

Emperor Han Tze was only twenty-five when he took power over the Empire with no serious rivals. It was a good start, but the years proved to be difficult ones. As he reached his forties, the mortality rate for the rulers of the Empire was high. Most only ruled for a few years and the oldest to rule were all dead. Han Tze was no exception; within a decade, he suffered three major defeats at the hands of the Xi, a group of barbarians to the northeast. He also suffered two rebellions, the first being led by his daughter Han Shuang and and the second by his sister, Empress Miao Yin.

Fortunately, the first was put down quickly but the second could not be crushed due to its extensive nature. If those were not enough, the land was suffering. Disasters of varying proportions ravaged the Empire. Famine, droughts, floods, storms, blights and other natural and unnatural causes all took their toll. The population was also suffering as the number of refugees and those wanting to leave the Empire continually outnumbered those that desired to remain loyal to the Empire. This led to the great period of war and the so called five kingdoms era, Emperor Han Tze's sister Empress Miao Yin led the Jiao dynasty and his right hand advisor, Chancellor Lu Yuan betrayed him and led the Wu dynasty. Within a decade the Empire had collapsed. The Xi tribes of barbarians were taking advantage of the chaos and encroached further east.

Five kingdoms era[edit | edit source]

The Five kingdoms were established in the old heartlands and while some were willing to pay tribute, others desired to be independent. There were also the Xi tribes of barbarians to the northeast and Hui west. The Xi to the northeast were collaborators due to a pact between their tribal chief and the traitor emperor. They accepted Jiao dynasty rule and acted as a buffer between the Xi to the west and the Lolo people. The Hui to the west had no such pact and were fierce warriors. They were prevented from expanding due to the rise of the military led Wu kingdom which expanded and ultimately became independent under their leader Li Dak Koo.

The Jiao dynasty took up the bulk of the old Empire's heartland with the Wu kingdom rising to the east. Soon the Shi kingdom rose in the south made up of the ministerial and scholars from the old Empire. These three kingdoms between them roughly covered the old Empire's territory although each was very different from each other. Empress Miao Yin died at the age of 58 in 734 CE leading to an immediate succession crisis. A battle between factions ensued but it ended with Jiao kingdom collapsing as various nobles chose their own successors. While the Jiao kingdom continued until for a further ten years it was reduced greatly under General Hou Xun before finally falling entirely. The main reason why it collapsed so quickly was due to a lack of a clear successor. The Shang dynasty that rose in the north from the mountains and the Jiang dynasty led by one of the top military leaders of the Jiao kingdom General Ma Dai but he lacked political experience yet was able to exact defeat on both the Wu and Jiao kingdoms. This period was marked by conflict between all these factions as they tried to carve out a piece of the old empire.

As time went on, war and conflict were becoming a common way of life as resources became scarce. But it was the Jiao dynasty that was first to fall, after a brutal war with the Xi tribes and fighting with the Wu dynasty and succession crisis. By the 744, the Xi tribes had overrun all of the Jiao kingdom and what was left was slowly taken back by the Wu kingdom which assimilated it fully into their culture. The Jiao king Hou Xun was hunted down and executed. But this conflict took a toll on the Wu kingdom and it fell to the Xi barbarians and its wars with the Jiang kingdom in 753 CE. Left was the southern Shi kingdom, the northern Shang kingdom and the eastern Jiang kingdom.

By the 770s, war had become a way of life to the various kingdoms. The Xi tribe also took advantage of the chaos by expanding into the eastern kingdom. The Jiang kingdom fell to the Xi tribes and conflict with the Shang in 774 CE having been greatly weaken from its wars against the Wu. Left was the northern Shang dynasty and the southern Shi dynasty which had expanded greatly. The Xi tribe's expansion only brought them closer to the Shang dynasty.

In 784 CE, a Xi invasion force of thousands arrived at the borders of the Shang Kingdom led by their Chief Xi Mongke. He made a direct threat to the king of the time, Kao Wang Wei. The king chose to appease him by sending a small gift of two horses and a silk robe. But this wasn't enough and the Xi tribe razed the city which led to the complete destruction of the Shang dynasty. King Kao Wang Wei led the last of the Shang soldiers to battle and was killed. The remnants of the army fled before the Xi tribe although some retreated to a distant stronghold where they continued to fight. The Xi tribe declared themselves rulers of all they had conquered which led to the rise of several petty warlords in the east. While the Shi dynasty had become the dominant kingdom in the region disputes within their own forces led to creation of the Xie dynasty in 786 CE.

The split happened as the leading factions within the Imperial court grew tired of the Shi emperor's failure to maintain the power structure which allowed him to rule unchecked; it also resulted from factional infighting among his generals. The General Li Wei (李謁) was the most powerful military leader and widely credited with crushing the Xi tribes threatening the kingdom. But after the death of Emperor Fu Youde (扶游德) in 780 CE. However Li Wei also suffered an incapacitating stroke three years later, and died soon afterwards. This left control of the government to his wife, Princess Xu Zhenying (许貞英), a daughter of the late Emperor Fu Youde (扶游德). At first she controlled only a small factions within the capital but she was able to raise sufficient funds for her armies through taxation and trade deals. She recruited several former ministers who were opposed to her husband's policies into her inner circle and replaced them with her allies. By 785 CE, her army was large enough that she could defeat rival claimants in a number of battles, culminating with victory over Li Wei's brother Li Wu (李武) in 786 CE. In that year she took the title "Emperor" herself.

Imperial reunification[edit | edit source]

After several centuries of conflict and chaos the Xie dynasty took over the Shi dynasty and became the now dominant Empire expanding to retake all the lost lands crushing the Xi tribes as they expanded. As empress, she continued the policy of increasing state revenue while lowering taxes to promote economic growth and thus strengthen national strength against any foreign threat. By now she had established a new capital at Chenghai where she lived surrounded by armed guards. It has been said that she enjoyed riding horseback at night and lighting bonfires around the palace walls. Within a few years of assuming power, the Empress had increased tax revenues and reduced spending by one half; she had built a network of canals throughout the kingdom reducing flooding and reorganized all provincial administration providing stability after decades of warfare; she rebuilt temples damaged during war; restored religious and cultural monuments; established schools for scholars and craftsmen; constructed irrigation works so that fields no longer needed to be flooded every spring or autumn as they did before; The Empire's heartland in the west saw warlordism and eventual power grabs by several groups. The remnants of the Xi tribe in the east were slowly pushed back and absorbed by the various powers in the land. To the southwest in modern day nation of Qingcheng which had been free under the Yan dynasty was reintegrated back into the grand empire by the powerful Xie dynasty.

The Tianren hand been restored by Empress Xu Zhenying, she died at the age of 81 in 831 CE. She was succeeded by her daughter Fú Yùdì (扶裕帝), aged only 21 when she took the throne, she ruled for over sixty years until her death at the age of 63, long enough to consolidate the gains her mother had made. Her reign would inherit the challenge of the rival new emerging Min dynasty in 790 CE which led to conflict between the two states. In 860 CE, the Xi tribe led by Chief Xi Mongke died out with his sons taking power over the various warlords in the land, though this was not in unity. A war of attrition broke out and the Xi tribe was largely destroyed, many assimilated into the various cultures but the Xi Mongke's legacy lived on.

The Min kingdom grew in power led by a leader known as Chong Mengxiong (崇孟雄) who was said to have been able to use his political skills in a way not seen since the time of the three dynasties, and under his leadership the military power of Min kingdom would eclipse even that of Xie Empire. Empress Fú Yùdì suffered from many shocks ruling the Xie Empire including a devastating flood in 863 CE and an armed rebellion led by a eunuch Wei Haiyan (衛海彥) in 873 CE. He is recorded to be cruel man, perhaps motivated traitorous deal with Chong Mengxiong. This was ultimately was the end of the Xie Empire and the Min assimilated all of its territory becoming the new dominant force. The last remnants of the Xi tribe were assimilated by the Min or fled to the furthest reaches of the land, the Xi tribe was finally defeated. In its glory days the great Min empire spanned most of eastern Kodeshia, Qingcheng, HCCK and parts of Selengeria and Nanwen.

Chong Mengxiong died at the age of 86 in 890 CE having unified the nation but never took the title of emperor. It would be left to his successor to create the first truly united state in history that would become known as the Min Empire. Having no sons or nephews to succeed him he chose his youngest sibling Duchess Qin Dingfang (秦鼎方) as his heir presumptive instead, thus founding what became known as the Min Dynasty which lasted until 889 CE when it was overthrown by Chong Yuanzong's army after a series of rebellions. Empress Qin Dingfang would be the first Empress of a united Kodeshi Empire but here reign was short-lived as she die in childbirth in 876 CE at the age of 30 to her son and successor Emperor Huan Gong. He became the first official Emperor of a united Kodeshi Empire but since he was a minor an a princess regent served in his stead until his coronation in 879CE when he was 11 years old, this girl is thought to have been either Chong Mengxiong's daughter Chong Nüying (崇女英) or his niece Chong Yuhua (崇玉華). The next two centuries saw the Min empire rise from strength to strength with the last period being its most glorious.

Much is written about this so-called glory period for the Empire. The Emperor aged only 13 years old suffered a slow mental degeneration and a loss of appetite. He died in 889 CE without a clear successor. But his son was not of age, so the Ling dynasty slowly seized power while the court waged civil war between three factions; those supporting Empress Dowager Duan Zhengli, another backed by Prince Lü Chengyi (呂承裔) and the third backing Princess Pei Cheng. Additionally Chong Mengxiong's daughter Chong Nüying (崇女英) as Princess Regent attempted regain power with support of her niece Duchess Chong Yuhua (崇玉華) but these attempts were thwarted as eunuchs poisoned Princess Regent Chong Nüying and Duchess Chong Yuhua was killed on 22 March 890 CE at the hand of the prime minister Yang Qing. A military commander named Zhang Xiong, who was related to the late Duchess Chong Yuhua, managed to gain control of much of the capital. But he failed to capture the emperor's tomb. On 23 June, Empress Dowager Duan took advantage of a riot caused by the rival factions fighting inside the palace complex, taking over the imperial residence and establishing the Ling family as the new ruling dynasty. This would become known as the Grand Rebellion. After the defeat of the rebel faction in 892, many were forced to commit suicide or exiled. Including General Zhang Xiong and Prince Lü Chengyi who were both exiled to what is now present day Nanwen. Empress Duan Zhengli succeeded to the throne and her rule was a time of peace and prosperity with slow but steady military expansions south into Nanwen. This began the creation of sea trading ports and expansion of the trade routes by land through to Prabhat.

She would rule until her death in 927 CE at the age of 72 leaving behind no heirs. Her sister, Empress Shao, served as regent for one year before appointing her uncle, Li Hongyi as Emperor Ling Zu (靈祖) under the name Emperor Zhongxuan (重宣). However, this move proved unpopular among the nobility which led to rebellion that lasted four years ending when Emperor Zhongxuan abdicated his title to his nephew, Yuan Shundi, also called Prince Guo of Qin (郡王郭), born of his aunt Lady Cheng. Emperor Yuan Shundi sought to conquer all of territory that modern day Nanwen. Despite having subdued the northern portions of Nanwen, the southern provinces were still beyond his control and remained in their own autonomous regions and Emperor Yuan Shundi personally lead an army to capture them in 940CE after having appointed his cousin, Yuan Dao as Imperial Protectorate during his conquests of Southern Nanwen. This campaign was disastrous however, due to illness amongst his generals causing him to lose large numbers of troops along with many more men deserting from his armies. He lost any chance of conquering the remaining provinces as he returned home suffering from ill health. In 960 CE, he died and was succeeded by Empress Shi Qiongxian (史瓊仙 ). Empress Shi Qiongxian ruled for nearly sixty years but she inherited a troubled military situation following the loss by Emperor Yuan Shundi. Her government also suffered from heavy corruption throughout its history. This led to a number of uprisings which caused her much concern. She began by restoring the power of local officials. Nearing the end of her reign a period of famines and floods occurred which led to food shortages. These led to widespread protests which led to her death in 1002CE at the age of 62. There were no direct heirs so her younger brother's son took the throne as Emperor Huizong (徽宗). However, there had been three rebellions that year leading to turmoil in the country. This would be the end for the Ling dynasty in 1023 CE as the Imperial court factions battled each other over succession. The eunuchs and nobles who supported Prince Yanying with support of General Zhongzong and the Prince Guo. But loyal court official traced the Imperial lineage back a distant ancestor to a commoner named Wu Song and proclaimed himself as Prince Guo of Wu while claiming ancestry through his mother from Lu Yuan's family to the ancient Wu dynasty. He proclaimed himself the beginning of the Chou dynasty, establishing the Chou Empire.

The Chou dynasty took power and led the Empire to new heights of glory, especially the expansion of trade with southern kesh by sea that was established in 1167 CE with South Kesh. This would eventually become vital region for the Empire. By 1237 CE the Zhou dynasty had taken power and led the Empire into a new period of growth and expansion followed by a period stagnation before it began to fragment.

Eastern Zhou and seven states era[edit | edit source]

By the 1500s the state of Qingcheng which was part of the Zhou empire, there was local Xu nobles in the Zhou court. The nobles of the south coast, with merchants and some independentist groups, were sick of the Zhou supremacy, staged an uprising defeated the imperial army in the actual state of Zhonghe, and then succeed to push towards the north. While the rebel Xu army was going further in the north, more local noble rallied the army with their troops, growing more and more stronger. A last battle happened on the river Minjiang, both sides suffered many losses, but the battle ended as a Xu victory. This loss was deeply humiliating for the Zhou dynasty which was forced to set free the Xu kingdom, but refused to give all the claimed territories. This defeat made the Zhou dynasty weaker against his opponents inside Kodeshia and it was challenged by the rising Lu, Yan factions in the north and south. The Empire also began to experience religious conflicts in this period.

By 1531 the Yan dynasty faced the Zhou dynasty in open rebelion. After a short but brutal war the Zhou already weaken fell and was not able to recover to the same extent the remaining Zhou factions fled east to establish the Eastern Zhou but it was never as powerful. The Empire, weakened by endless civil wars, fell into a period of disorder in which several powerful city states grew stronger. While the Eastern Zhou sought to turn things around their authority was lost as Xu kingdom in the territory of Qingcheng declared total independence with all their claimed territories. Reforms were made to restore the glory to the Empire but the damage was done, the Empire never was able to recover to its former glory, The Northern Yan state, Southern Lu, Tan state and Ruo, Ba, Sui and eventual Cao states all battled for power within what was once the Zhou Empire. The overseas vassal kingdoms broke away during this period as most of the Zhou fleet was in ruin or turned to piracy. The states in the territory of Nanwen were the first to breakaway with loss of the Qingcheng territory any attempt to control that land was gone. The Heibanese vassal state of Gangyou was overthrown with the Zhouguo state and the South Kesh vassal kingdoms broke away.

Late imperial[edit | edit source]

Empress Tianchang was enthroned as Empress in 1839 and oversaw several important reforms.

This period of chaos was ended with the stability of the short-lived Cao and Zhao states that managed to reunify the territory of Kodeshia before the Liang dynasty re-established order. But the declining Zhao Empire had to face the rising threats from its neighbours, with the foundation of Selengeria in 1577 following the defeat of the Zhu Kingdom along with encroaching Artemian Imperialism as colonial forces from Artemia arrived on the continent of Kesh. By 1655 the Zhao Empire came into direct conflict with Tiperyn forces around the Yuhai Islands. The war was a total defeat with the badly overstretched, undermanned, underfunded and uncoordinated naval forces of Zhao Empire no match for the powerful Tiperyn fleet of galleons and their well-trained musket forces. During this era the navy was not a separate entity and proved largely inadequate against pirate raids and the Tiperyn forces.

The islands were taken and renamed The Jade Islands and were developed into major regional commercial centres for Tiperyn. By this time the Zhao Empire became known to foreigners as the Empire of Kodeshia but the humiliation and loss of prestige and influence from this short war was deep. This allowed the Liang dynasty to emerge as the major threat to the late Zhao dynasty after they united all factions, declared the founding of the Liang dynasty in 1681. The decades of civil war between the Zhao and Liang caused enormous loss of lives and the economic scale of Kodeshia shrank drastically. In total, the Liang conquest of the Zhao (1665-1730) cost as many as 15 million lives. The new Liang Empire tried to reform but efforts were slow due to the effects of this war along with the effects of the Great Plague that hit Kesh and much of the world in 1789. In the late 1800s there were several attempts in reforming the Empire however all of them failed, the most notable of these was Wei Lujiong's Transformation Movement. Which did achieve some goals however the movement as it was in died out after the death of its leader.

The influence from the Fu Gwok Movement in Bakfong and Akiteiwa's own efforts. Along with the aggressive approach to modernising and liberalising the nation and pursuing industrialisation within Selengeria. Sparked renewed efforts for modernisation and industrialisation against looming threat of Artemian colonisation. It was the Empress Tianchang of Liang that brought to a close to the declining favour of the Imperial court and achieved some considerable modernisation effort in her 46 year reign but when she died on 6 April 1886. Her grand plans and efforts were not finished so it would fall to her son. The new Emperor Zhaodazu who took power at the age of 23 years old had to struggle against fierce opposition from conservative anti-reformist aristocracy within the court and the public, but the Aki-Selengerian war of 1870 that had erupted on the regional stage highlighted the rapid pace of military developments and showcased failure of the Liang dynasty's attempts to modernize its military, especially when compared with victorious forces within that conflict. So Empress Tianchang of Liang was vindicated in her moves to establish a modern formal military. Her son Emperor Zhaodazu worked with the support of her loyal officials to crush opposition from conservative anti-reformist aristocracy. The regional dominance in East Kesh was shifting away from Kodeshia; the prestige of the Liang dynasty, along with the classical traditions in Kodeshia, suffered a major blow. These worrying trends sparked an unprecedented public outcry within the Imperial government which allowed the new Emperor push forward new modernisation plans. This renewed public support and gave the Emperor and his allies a free hand in pushing forward efforts to modernise and industrialise. The results of a second Aki-Selengerian war around turn of the century gave even greater impetus to these reforms. These efforts took hold and great efforts to promote Artemian education and advanced technology led to strong economic connections with Artemian powers like the Goetic Empire and Mero-Curgovina through several industrialization programs mainly military, shipping and railway projects were signed.

Kodeshia made a formal alliance with the Goetic Empire signed on 12 January 1919 this newfound solidarity was mainly focused towards protecting its own interests in the risky world of international diplomacy and trade. An formal alliance grew between Akiteiwa and Kodeshia along similar goals of reclamation of lost territory and shared view about the growing threat of Selengeria and its alliance with Tiperyn. Kodeshia which until now had been officially neutral but had been closely watching the global conflict of the Grand Campaigns since 1915. Saw a chance to retake it's glory and lost territory. The overwhelming victory of the Goetic forces in the field and seeing Tiperyn join the conflict. Kodeshia along with Akiteiwa officially declared war on Tiperyn and its allies. Within hours of declaring war the newly developed Weidalu (Great Continential) Fleet was formed from the Northern and Southern fleets. The forces quickly sailed towards the Yuhai (Jade Sea) Islands. Under command of Admiral Shen Hanzhi numerically superior Kodeshi forces quickly surrounded and laid siege to the islands. While the smaller islands were taken virtually without resistance, the main island only fell after a three-month siege with regular naval bombardments. Tiperyn colonial forces only torpedo boat was able to slip past the blockade and managed to sink a light cruiser before being spotted and sunk. Tiperyn forces continued to resist until they were overwhelmed by landing army forces. Following the success of the operation, there were widespread celebrations across the nation and Admiral Shen Hanzhi became a national folk hero. Elements of the Kodeshi forward scout fleet force help aid the Akitei liberation of the Komishima from Tiperyn.

This drew Selengeria into the war, which had allied with Tiperyn which opened a new front against Kodeshia. Emperor Zhaodazu had to quickly begin mobilising his armies. Akiteiwa quickly came to the side of Kodeshia and mobilised its forces, sending expeditionary forces to aid Kodeshia land forces, as well as conducting its own offensive against Selengeria's northern border. This new eastern front was the second largest of the war and quickly forced the Kodeshi command to adopt a strategic defence. Initially Kodeshi Field Marshal and Chief of the General Staff of the Army Yuan Guozhang proposed a daring pincer movement against the large Selengeria salient hoping to swiftly cut off and encircle the bulk of Selengerian forces before they could reinforce their positions. Then push towards capturing Selengeria's capital Sükhbaatar and force a peace settlement. The attack would begin with a diversionary attack by the 6th and 7th while the main force consisting of 2nd, 3rd and 5th Armies from the northeast would capture the enemy forces off guard. Meanwhile, the 1st, 9th and Armies would advance from the south-east and capture the main object of the Selengerian strategic Shimao river then link up the 2nd, 3rd and 5th armies completing the encirclement. While the initial stages of the attack were a success taking the Selengerian forces by surprise the northern advance achieved only modest gains of around 10 kilometres.

By now the heavy casualties and exhaustion combined with risk of becoming overstretched meant the forces had to stop and regroup. There were also major supply problems, the armies were moving slowly and only the lack of any appreciable amount of road or rail lines limited supplies. As the monsoon weather set in all offensive operations became impossible as the ground became so muddy by 1921 the newly opened Eastern front had quickly become a stalemate. By 1923 after the death of the Emperor Zhaodazu, new plans for a major eastern front offensive were proposed by General Tang Xueliang it would become to be known as the Tang Offensive. The offensive was a serious defeat for the Selengerian forces, which was forced out of its first position by the Imperial Kodeshi 5th Army. The first day on the offensive was, in terms of casualties, also the worst day in the history of the Kodeshi army, which suffered over 100,000 casualties. It became tremendously costly for the Imperial army, and after the offensive, its forces were seriously depleted and the public will for the war was at an all-time low.

Unrest from the soldiers and public and heavy resentment towards the new Emperor Qinghuiguo taking over from his recently departed father the well-loved Emperor Zhaodazu, this in combination with foreign support for rebels and the chaos and sporadic communist uprisings in Alva spilling over into north and northeast Kodeshia leading to revolts against the Emperor over dissatisfaction with the war effort and rationing and shortages, as well as the continued assistance to the rebels. After the destruction of the militias and before the armistice with Selengeria the Kodeshi armies had suffered major losses in men and materiel. after a long, protracted, and deadly campaign, Kodeshia and forces from foreign expeditionary forces defeated the militias and put an end to military and civil disputes but at a heavy cost to Emperor Qinghuiguo's personal image and respect for the government.

Kodeshian Civil War (1927-1932)[edit | edit source]

Imperial cavalry forces retreating to the countryside, 1930

The poor handling drew widespread discontent and condemnation of the monarchies handling of the situation. In response to the public discontent and revolts a series of reformist mass movements forced the Emperor to sign the first Kodeshi Constitution, creating a constitutional monarchy ending thousands of years of absolute monarchy. This allowing the public to voice its concerns via a democratic parliament. The new government, instantly became deadlocked between faction groups much to the frustration of the Emperor.

By this stage Kodeshia sought to end the hostilities and with its ally Bakfong they reached an armistice with Selengeria, while terms of peace could be conducted. Kodeshi troops remained on the frontline positions during this stage which proved extremely costly measure for the already heavily indebted empire. But the efforts would prove successful by 1926 treaty was signed between the Empire of Kodeshia and representatives of Selengeria. The treaty was signed after two months of negotiations. The treaty was agreed upon by the Selengerians to stop the further invasion. According to the treaty, Selengeria ceded hegemony over the all its border provinces to Kodeshia; they were meant to become Kodeshi tributary states under Kodeshia Empire. A separate peace with Tiperyn was conducted which was agreed to keep its captured territories for reparations for losses to its empire. This conflict dismantled the Imperial autocracy and led to the rise of military rule.

The Liang Dyansty collapsed as the Emperor Qinghuiguo and the old regime were replaced by members of the Imperial parliament who assumed control of the country, forming the a Republican Government which was heavily dominated by factional interests. As the situation deteriorated the Emperor attempted to flee to Bakfong. However Guo Guotai's forces captured and secure the Emperor before this could happen. Although Guo Guotai paid nominal allegiance to Emperor Qinghuiguo, he was actually the de facto head of the central government. He skilfully used Emperor Qinghuiguo to bolster his legitimacy when he attacked and eliminated rivals in his quest to reunify the Kodeshi Empire under the central government's rule. As the chaos and factional fighting took hold the Military in alliance with Republicans, Nationalists, Democrats and Religious groups mostly fell into line with Guo Guotai and the Emperor's new rule taking power establishing the Kodeshi State, but the civil war also led to the creation of the a number of warlord breakaway self-declared nations most notably Hydar State under Feriuz Hydar. These uneasy new fragmented borders between Selengeria and Kodeshia both ravaged by civil war and now contending with breakaway regions would lead to growing animosity and future conflict between both sides.

Kodeshi State (1932-1964)[edit | edit source]

Guo Guotai, the leader of Kodeshia from 1932 to 1964.

The Guoist regime, officially known as the Kodeshi State is the period of Kodeshi history when Guo Guotai (郭國泰) ruled Kodeshia as dictator with the title Grand Marshal. (大元帅) Having restored economic prosperity and ended mass unemployment using heavy spending on the military, while suppressing labor unions and strikes.

The return of prosperity and decree which merged all parties supporting the rebel side, led to a Nationalist Kodeshia becoming a single-party regime under the Guoist Party which saw enormous popularity, with only minor, isolated and subsequently unsuccessful cases of resistance among the Kodeshi population over its years of rule.

The regime undertook a period of massive industrialization and internal struggles between 1930 and 1940 as Guo Guotai established near total control over Kodeshi society, wielding virtually unrestrained power. Guo was ready to put a radical programme of industrialisation into action.

The Kodeshi State viewed the accession of fervently anti-Kodeshi Khiyat Süüdriin's Ündserkheg to power in Selengeria with great alarm from the onset, especially since Süüdriin proclaimed the southern plains oil fields as one of the major objectives in his vision of the nation citing the 1928 Convention of Jiankang. The Kodeshi government instead cited the 1926 Treaty as the rightful demarcation of the border, however Selengerian side rejected these claims saying the treaty was void because the previous states that signed it no longer existed. Süüdriin insisted that the pre-Grand Campaigns borders be restored. The issue of the border particularly the southern plains would come to a head with both sides agreeing to an international backed referendum on statehood for the area. Both sides lobbied hard for their choices and the results ultimately saw victory for Selengeria although there was widespread claims of vote rigging, intimidation and fraud. Kodeshia declared the results illegitimate, citing Ündserkheg volunteer paramilitary units entering the region as well.

Selengeria launched a full-scale invasion Kodeshia on 30 October 1950. The primary targets of this surprise offensive were the oil fields of southern plains, Malipo and Zhuji, with the ultimate goal of capturing the capital of Songhari and ending the 1950 campaign near the Dazhong-Guangshen line, from the Tethys Sea to the Great Kesh Dividing range connecting into central Alva. Suudriin's objectives were to eliminate Kodeshia as a military power, exterminate its native people, and restore the lost territories from the Grand Campaigns and guarantee access to the strategic resources within the southern plains region needed to defeat Selengeria's remaining rivals. The war took a heavy death toll on the Kodeshi but forced Selengeria and its allies to sign an Armistice, after Tiperyn dropped an atomic bomb over Wujin, killing over 100,000 people. This was the first nuclear attack in history.

The war left Kodeshia devastated, with the total death toll standing at between around 38-40 million Kodeshi deaths (estimates vary) making it perhaps the deadliest conflict of the era and had devastated the Kodeshi economy in the struggle. In addition, thousands of major cities, towns and settlements were destroyed by the war. Liberated occupied territories suffered from the ravages of Ündserkheg occupation and deportations of slave labor by Selengeria. The perceived failures of the government led to backlash and decline in popularity of Guo Guotai and maybe royalist and democratic partisans who had supported the war efforts now erupted into mass demonstrations, leading to a violent government crackdown. This ultimately led to the 1964 incident in which he and Guo was allegedly poisoned by royalist factions supported by Bakfong.

Empire of Kodeshia (since 1964)[edit | edit source]

In 1964, The new Emperor Xuanyi was restored as Emperor of Kodeshia, with full support from Bakfong and Alva. It was hoped that the restoration of the imperial system would give stability and open a pathway towards democracy. But several resistance movements that ranged from guoist loyalist to communist ideologies. These militant resistance groups used the favourable Kodeshi landscape for guerrilla operations as Imperial forces and their allies were in control only of the main cities, towns and connecting roads, leaving the mountainous countryside and dense rain forests to the resistance. The Yindong Crises further hurt the countries ability to recover from the devastating Kesh war and growing insurgency. But the renewed celebration and joy of the Imperial restoration did much to improve the public mood which following the nuclear bombing and loss of territory during the Great Kesh War. The stability established following the restoration was shaken on 5 July 1968 by the assassination of Emperor Xuanyi just four years into his reign by rogue operatives that the Kodeshi government claims were Selengerian agents. [citation needed]

Mengqi succeeded to the thrones in 1968 following the death of Emperor Xuanyi. In recent years, reconstruction efforts have progressed and after the insurgency was defeated generally considered to be the end of major fighting since 1987. This has led to some political stability through a limited multiparty democracy under a semi-constitutional monarchy. Emperor Mengqi has overseen the rapid rebound and rise of the economy and emergence of regional unity with the foundation of Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation regional inter government organisation of which Kodeshia was a founding member and plays a leading role. Despite long standing tensions with Selengeria relations have seen a reduction in clashes that followed the end of the Great Kesh War and beginning of the insurgency.

Government[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia's political system combines elements of an absolute monarchy with vetted democracy.

The political system of the Empire of Kodeshia takes place within the framework of the nation's constitution of 1964. The government is a constitutional monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy.

There are two major political groups that usually form a government, federally and in the provinces: the United Progressive Front (UPF) and the National Conservative Alliance (NCA). Within Kodeshian political culture, the NCA is considered centre-right and the UPF is considered centre-left. Independent members and several minor parties have achieved some limited representation in Kodeshi National Representative Assembly. Officially a multiparty democracy, in reality "the country remains a one-party state dominated by the Kodeshi National Conservative Alliance and Grand Chancellor Zhao Changfu, since 1995. Kodeshia's government has been described by the some commentators, as a "relatively authoritarian coalition via a superficial democracy". Since crackdowns on political dissent and free press, Kodeshia has been described as a de facto one-party state. But the state vehemently denies and suppresses these claims.

Emperor[edit | edit source]

The Emperor is responsible for delineation and supervision of the policies of the Empire of Kodeshia. The Kodeshi Grand Chancellor has limited power compared to the Emperor. The current longtime Emperor, Mengqi, has been issuing decrees and making the final decisions on the economy, environment, foreign policy, education, national plannings, and everything else in the country. Mengqi also outlines elections guidelines and urges for the transparency, and has fired and reinstated cabinet appointments by the Grand Chancellor. Key ministers are selected with the Emperor Mengqi's agreement and he has the ultimate say on Kodeshia's foreign policy. The Grand Chancellor-elect is required to gain the Emperor Mengqi's official approval before being sworn in before the National Representative Assembly. Through this process, the Leader agrees to the outcome of the election of the Grand Chancellor. The Emperor is directly involved in ministerial appointments for Defence, Intelligence and Foreign Affairs, as well as other top ministries after submission of candidates from the Grand Chancellor. Kodeshia's regional policy is directly controlled by the office of the Emperor alongside the Ministry of Foreign Affairs'. The budget bill for every year, as well as withdrawing money from the National Development Fund of Kodeshia, require Emperor's express approval and permission. The Emperor can and does order laws to be amended.

The Emperor is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, controls the military intelligence and security operations, and has sole power to declare war or peace. The heads of the judiciary, the state radio and television networks, the commanders of the police and military forces, and six of the twelve members of the Imperial Council are directly appointed by the Emperor.

The Imperial Council[edit | edit source]

The Imperial Council is a powerful and influential 12-member council that is constitutionally mandated in Kodeshia. It has the power to interpret the Imperial Constitution and review the legality of laws and regulations. The Council comprises 12 jurists who are either appointed by the Emperor or elected by the parliament from among candidates nominated by the Head of the Judiciary. The Imperial Council also serves as an advisory body to the Emperor on matters of state. The Chief Jurist is Tuo Fuzhou, who was appointed by Emperor Mengqi on 12 August 2018, and he is assisted by 11 Associate Jurists.

Candidates for Grand Chancellor and parliamentary candidates must be approved by the Imperial Council (all members of which are directly or indirectly appointed by the Emperor) or the Emperor before running, in order to ensure their allegiance to the Empire. The Emperor very rarely does the vetting himself directly, but has the power to do so, in which case additional approval of the Imperial Council would not be needed. The Emperor can also revert the decisions of the Imperial Council. The Imperial Council can, and has dismissed some elected members of the National Representative Assembly in the past. For example, Zhuan Fen was disqualified by Imperial Council even after winning election, as he had been photographed in a meeting with a Selengerian officials.

The Council's establishment is provided for in Article 97 of the Imperial Constitution, which stipulates that the Emperor appoints six Jurists, and the Parliament elects six Jurists from among nominees by the Head of the Judiciary. The Jurists hold office during good behaviour and can only be removed through impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours. The Jurists have judicial power over all cases arising under the Constitution, laws of Kodeshia, and treaties made under their authority, among other cases.

The Imperial Council meets at least once every three months at its headquarters in the Imperial capital of Songhari. It hears oral arguments from parties involved in cases that have been granted permission to appeal by at least four jurists. The jurists then deliberate in private and issue written opinions that explain their reasoning and judgment.

Additionally, the Council plays a central role in controlling the interpretation of Xuanist values in Kodeshi law, which is the national religion that worships nature spirits and ancestors. Xuanism is considered the foundation of social harmony, and the Imperial Council has the power to veto legislation passed by the National Representative Assembly if it violates Xuanist principles or is incompatible with the Constitution.

The Imperial Council also has the power to supervise elections to ensure fairness and transparency and approves or disqualifies candidates seeking to run in local, parliamentary, or grand chancellery elections based on their moral character and adherence to Xuanist values. However, the Emperor can appoint or dismiss any jurist at his discretion and can veto any decision made by the Council or approve any candidate without their consent.

Grand Chancellor[edit | edit source]

The National Legislature of Kodeshia in Songhari.

After the Emperor, the Constitution defines the Grand Chancellor of Kodeshia as the highest state authority. However, the Grand Chancellor is still required to gain the Emperor's official approval before being sworn in before the National Representative Assembly. The head of state of Kodeshia is the Grand Chancellor of the nation, who is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Although their executive powers are somewhat limited, the Grand Chancellor does have veto power over government's legislation. Following elections, the Grand Chancellor appoints the leader of the majority party or majority coalition as the Imperial Secretary of the Cabinet of Kodeshia. As head of government, the Imperial Secretary presides over the cabinet. Zhao Changfu is the current Grand Chancellor and Liao Dengjie is the Imperial Secretary of the Cabinet of Kodeshia.

Legislature[edit | edit source]

The legislature of Kodeshia, known as the National Representative Assembly, is a unicameral body comprising 550 members elected by preferential voting for five-year terms, fifteen representatives from each province. It drafts legislation, ratifies international treaties, and approves the national budget. All parliamentary candidates and all legislation from the assembly must be approved by the Imperial Council. Voting is compulsory for all enrolled citizens 20 years and over in every jurisdiction as is enrolment.

Law[edit | edit source]

The Emperor appoints the head of the country's judiciary, who in turn appoints the head of the Supreme Court and the chief public prosecutor. There are several types of courts, including public courts that deal with civil and criminal cases, and imperial courts which deal with certain categories of offences, such as crimes against national security. The decisions of the imperial courts are final and cannot be appealed.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia has several levels of subdivisions. The first level is that of the provinces, Kodeshia is divided into 22 subnational divisions, each with a self-governing body led by an elected leader and a legislative body with elected members. Duties of local governments include social services, education, urban planning, public construction, water management, environmental protection, transport, public safety, and more. The 22 provinces are — Anbei, Xiabei, Zhongbin, Nanbin, Yu'an, Shizhou, Dazhong, Tianlin, Dachuan, Yueshan, Guangshui, Yanhe, Linshan, Xuemai, Changbei, Beihai, Beifu, Guangshen, Guanggu, Yuhai, Xibei, and Hongfu.

The second level is that of the special municipalities, counties, and cities. led by regents and mayors respectively and a legislature. The third level is that of the districts, and the fourth is of the villages. Special municipalities and cities are further divided into districts for local administration. Counties are further divided into townships and county-administered cities which have elected mayors and councils, and share duties with the county. Some divisions are indigenous divisions which have different degrees of autonomy to standard ones. In addition, districts, cities and townships are further divided into villages and neighbourhoods.

The village is the lowest level of government administration. It is divided into several community groups which are further divided into neighbourhood groups. The village administration level is the most influential on a citizen's daily life and handles matters of a village or neighbourhood through an elected village chief.

Administrative Number Provinces (省) Guoyu Guoyu Hanyu Pinyin Provincial Language(s) Provincial Capital Area (km2) Population
% of Population Population density (pop/km2)
1 Anbei 岸北省 Ànběi shěng Guoyu Bohai 26,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi) 7,602,601 2.30% 292.408/km2 (757.33/sq mi)
2 Xiabei 下北省 Xiàběi shěng Guoyu Fuyang 45,000 km2 (17,000 sq mi) 8,011,431 2.42% 178.032/km2 (461.10/sq mi)
3 Zhongbin 中滨省 Zhōngbīn shěng Guoyu Songhari 36,475 km2 (14,083 sq mi) 12,312,329 3.72% 337.555/km2 (874.26/sq mi)
4 Nanbin 南滨省 Nánbīn shěng Guoyu Tongchuan 60,175 km2 (23,234 sq mi) 16,324,990 4.93% 271.292/km2 (702.64/sq mi)
5 Yu'an 玉岸省 Yù'àn shěng Guoyu Chenghai 201,400 km2 (77,800 sq mi) 80,636,731 24.36% 400.381/km2 (1,036.98/sq mi)
6 Shizhou 石州省 Shízhōu shěng Guoyu Aodi 27,675 km2 (10,685 sq mi) 8,204,631 2.48% 296.464/km2 (767.84/sq mi)
7 Dazhong 大中省 Dàzhōng shěng Guoyu Jiutai 184,425 km2 (71,207 sq mi) 71,064,493 21.47% 385.330/km2 (998.00/sq mi)
8 Tianlin 大洪省 Dàhóng shěng Guoyu Wujin 168,575 km2 (65,087 sq mi) 29,586,474 8.94% 175.509/km2 (454.57/sq mi)
9 Dachuan 大川省 Dàchuān shěng Guoyu Shangyu 191,475 km2 (73,929 sq mi) 100,969,591 30.50% 527.325/km2 (1,365.77/sq mi)
10 Yueshan 岳山省 Yuèshān shěng Guoyu, Yi Ba'an 178,875 km2 (69,064 sq mi) 38,345,501 11.58% 214.370/km2 (555.22/sq mi)
11 Guangshui 广水省 Guǎngshuǐ shěng Guoyu Jianghua 134,150 km2 (51,800 sq mi) 45,855,942 13.85% 341.826/km2 (885.33/sq mi)
12 Yanhe 岩河省 Yánhé shěng Guoyu Nankang 54,750 km2 (21,140 sq mi) 10,519,407 3.18% 192.135/km2 (497.63/sq mi)
13 Linshan 林山省 Línshān shěng Guoyu Yanzhou 63,525 km2 (24,527 sq mi) 11,524,859 3.48% 181.422/km2 (469.88/sq mi)
14 Xuemai 雪脉省 Xuěmài shěng Guoyu De'an 47,850 km2 (18,470 sq mi) 6,728,199 2.03% 140.610/km2 (364.18/sq mi)
15 Changbei 长北省 Zhǎngběi shěng Guoyu Xianchun 102,825 km2 (39,701 sq mi) 14,937,570 4.51% 145.272/km2 (376.25/sq mi)
16 Beihai 北海省 Běihǎi shěng Guoyu Jiankang 60,625 km2 (23,407 sq mi) 8,569,862 2.59% 141.359/km2 (366.12/sq mi)
17 Beifu 北福省 Běifú shěng Guoyu Boshan 83,875 km2 (32,384 sq mi) 5,820,999 1.76% 69.401/km2 (179.75/sq mi)
18 Guangshen 广山省 Guǎngshān shěng Guoyu Xijin 152,325 km2 (58,813 sq mi) 10,273,205 3.10% 67.443/km2 (174.68/sq mi)
19 Guanggu 广谷省 Guǎnggǔ shěng Guoyu Hezhong 137,350 km2 (53,030 sq mi) 5,912,619 1.79% 43.048/km2 (111.49/sq mi)
20 Yuhai 玉海省 Yù hǎi shěng Guoyu, Anglic Zhuhai 2,400 km2 (930 sq mi) 697,028 0.21% 290.428/km2 (752.21/sq mi)
21 Xibei 西北省 Xīběi shěng Guoyu Yuhang 40,325 km2 (15,570 sq mi) 2,454,072 0.74% 60.857/km2 (157.62/sq mi)
22 Hongfu 洪福省 Hóngfú shěng Guoyu Dafeng 24,325 km2 (9,392 sq mi) 3,659,540 1.11% 150.444/km2 (389.65/sq mi)
Total: 2,024,400 km2 (781,600 sq mi) 500,012,074 100% 247/km2 (640/sq mi)

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

The Kodeshi–Selengerian Demilitarized Zone (KSDZ) remains one of the biggest environmental issues in Kodeshia.

The foreign relations of Kodeshia are handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Zhou Wenhua and her deputy Dai Jiechi. Kodeshia participates fully in international and regional organisations it is a member of the Unaligned Nations Consortium and an observer of the Pan-Artemian Coalition. Kodeshia has developed increasingly close ties with Alva, Bakfong, Akiteiwa, Qingcheng, and Hwangchu, whose foreign and economic ministers hold annual meetings.

Kodeshia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports many embassies in the country including many of its neighbours including Alva, Bakfong, Akiteiwa, Qingcheng, and Hwangchu. As a result of its international relations, various charitable organisations have assisted with social, economic, and civil infrastructure needs.

While the violent ruptures of the 1960s and 1980s have passed, several border disputes between Kodeshia and its neighbours persist. Kodeshia and Selengeria have had difficult relations since ancient times, but also significant cultural exchange, with Selengeria acting as the gateway between Kodeshia and Akiteiwa. Contemporary perceptions of Selengeria are still largely defined by the Great Kesh War, with longstanding animosity following the conflict. Selengeria and Kodeshia are still technically at war (having never signed a peace treaty after the Great Kesh War) and share the world's most heavily fortified border. The war remains the major point of contention between Kodeshia and Selengeria; many border disputes over claimed territories between both sides remain. Most of the territory belongs to Kodeshia, but a combination of Selengeria disrespecting international law, Selengerian troop build up in the area have left the situation unsettled since the end of the Great Kesh War.

Due partly to difficulties in relations with its geopolitical rival Selengeria, Kodeshia maintains close political relations with many of its neighbours who remain a focal point in Kodeshia's foreign policy. Kodeshia's has close economic and military relations with Akiteiwa, Bakfong, Hwangchu, HCCK, and Qingcheng; these form part of collection of bilateral and trilateral security alliances that acts as the cornerstone of the nation's foreign policy. Qingcheng and HCCK represent part of the Sanqing Security Alliance (三清安全联盟; Sānqīng ānquán liánméng; SAL), Kodeshia has a special relationship with Akiteiwa underpined by the bilateral security alliances with Akiteiwa with Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security Between the Akiteiwa and Kodeshia (阿基蒂帝国和山河间國相互合作与安全条约; Ājīdì dìguó hé Shānhéjiān guó xiānghù hézuò yǔ ānquán tiáoyuē; AKKO Treaty) since the Great Kesh War. Akiteiwa is a major market for Kodeshi exports and the primary source of Kodeshi imports, and is committed to defending the country in the event of Selengerian military aggression, having joint military basing agreements with Kodeshia for that purpose. Both Akiteiwa and Kodeshia share ties on defence with shared joint military projects.

The atomic bombing of Wujin in 1959, as well concerns over sovereignty following the Great Kesh War, convinced Kodeshia to develop nuclear weapons. It worked with Akiteiwa combining their nuclear weapons programs. Kodeshia conducted its first nuclear weapons test in 1968. Despite criticism and concern over the Kodeshia's nuclear program raised particularly by Selengeria and Tiperyn. However Kodeshia assures its neighbours that it's nuclear weapons are purely defensive and it maintains a "no first use" nuclear policy. As part of the nations minimum nuclear deterrence doctrine it is developing a nuclear triad capability. This began with the nations first ballistic submarine a conventional diesel type which was laid down in 1972 and commissioned in 1977 and submarine-launched ballistic missile were first successfully tested in 1974. This conventional fleet of ballistic submarines is due to be replaced with the new class of four nuclear powered ballistic submarines of the Hujing-class The current nuclear force consists of six ballistic Saijing-class submarines equipped with submarine-launched ballistic missiles. In addition to the submarine fleet, it is estimated that Kodeshia has about number of land based air-to-ground missiles with nuclear warheads along with a complement of Kurogane/Dongfang H.50 strategic nuclear bombers and nuclear capable strike aircraft such as the Yu'an JH.29, Nanbin J.61 and Nanbin JH.58.

Kodeshia is under treaty obligation to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps to curb climate change. In 2022 the government of Kodeshia announced a target of emissions to be cut by roughly 50% by 2040. As a signatory to the Yenbai Convention a landmark international treaty on climate action. The Renewable Energy Clause which the Kodeshi government signed up to commits the nation to a to transition its economy towards zero emissions future something it has committed to as a signatory to the Renewable Energy Clause. Nuclear energy is seen as a pathway for Kodeshia to achieve these goals. Kodeshia has subsequently developed its nuclear technology and commerce and signed co-operation agreements involving civilian nuclear energy with Akiteiwa, HCCK, and Qingcheng. It is also seeking to work with international partners to work on renewable technologies. Kodeshia will be ustilising the Mother Nature Fund to aid the implementation of the measures outlined in the Mitigation and Adaptation Clauses to achieve the Yenbai Convention targets. Kodeshia is a founding member of Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation and signatory to the KTEC Visa Exemption Scheme, Unaligned Nations Consortium, and an observer member of Pan-Artemian Coalition. Kodeshia has been a humanitarian and development aid recipient since 1959 and recently, the country has expressed interest in becoming an aid donor.

Country Status Current state of relations Mutual Embassies Visa Requirement
 Aftarestan Friendly Bilateral foreign relations generally are good despite differences between their political systems, keep the two nations apprehensive, it has not deterred them from further improving relations. and have been steadily improving primarily along both nations efforts towards opposition to Tiperyn control over Nasiria. Yes Yes
 Agrana y Griegro Neutral As a founding member of the North-South Concordant, Agrana y Griegro and Kodeshia have found themselves on opposite sides of the major factional alignments. As a result both politically and economically ties have remained generally cordial although minimal. Yes Yes
 Airgialla Friendly Airgialla and Kodeshia generally enjoy good and cordial relations. Kodeshia imports telecommunications, computing equipment along with agricultural equipment and digitally-sold software from Airgialla. While Airgialla imports foodstuffs including rice, fruits, nuts and some vehicles from Kodeshia. Kodeshia recognized the Airgiallan Government as the legitimate government of all of its archipelago an maintains strong supports for the Goidelic Republic of Airgialla's sovereignty as a state. Yes Yes
 Akiteiwa Allied Akiteiwa and Kodeshia share long-standing cultural, military, economic, diplomatic and strategic relations, both countries fought together against Selengeria during the Great Kesh War. Akiteiwa and Kodeshia have had a strategic alliance ever since, partially due to their common animosity towards Selengeria. Trading partners, cultural ally and founding member of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation. Yes No
Albaterra Strained Albaterra and Kodeshia have some minimal contact but have limited bilateral foreign and trade relations. Kodeshia has some concerns over trade with Albaterra due human rights abuses and historical record on human rights. Yes Yes
 Argata Neutral Argata and Kodeshia have mostly cordial bilateral foreign and trade relations. Yes Yes
 Albel Neutral Albel and Kodeshia have generally cordial relations. Yes Yes
 Alva Friendly Relations between Alva and Kodeshia are close yet fraught with difficulties stemming from border disputes, geography, economics, and lingering suspicions remaining from the Great Kesh War and Alva's role in the Xuanyi Restoration. Trading partners and founding member of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation. Since Alva left the North-South Concordant, economic ties have deepened as Kodeshia has desired a secure partner for reliable energy supplies; In this area oil imports from Avla have increased significantly in recent times and both nations have discussed the prospect of the construction of overland links and other joint ventures. Yes No
 Arroyo-Abeille Strained Arroyo-Abeille and Kodeshia relations have been characterised as strained. Kodeshia see Arroyo-Abeille's militarization, bellicose attitudes and membership of the North-South Concordant make it a threat to Northern Avalonia stability and a threat to its neighbours and as such Kodeshia regards it as a security threat. Kodeshia supports Tilenno's claims over the region of Zesha. No Yes
 Arum Republic Neutral The Arum Republic and Kodeshia have cordial relations and growing bilateral trading partnership. Yes Yes
 Atargistan Neutral The two countries have had a history of cultural, political, and economic exchanges along the trading routes dating back to ancient times. Kodeshia has been especially been active in pursuing economic projects and social, cultural, and diplomatic initiatives in Atargistan. The two nations have also worked on overland links and other joint ventures. Although the differences between their political systems, keep the two nations apprehensive, it has not deterred them from further improving relations. Yes Yes
 Aukalnia No relations Kodeshia does not recognise Aukalnia and has no formal diplomatic relations. Kodeshia still recognises the United Republics of Aukalnia and Sartland. Kodeshia does not accept Aukalnian passports. No Yes
 Aukalnia and Sartland Strained Kodeshia still recognises the United Republics of Aukalnia and Sartland and maintains cordial relations although it objected to Aukalnia and Sartland's advances into the sovereign state of Shvekshna, during the First Shvekshna War of 1997 and also in the Second Shvekshna War, from 1999-2000. It urged all parties to respect the sovereignty and the territorial independence of all nations and achive a peaceful settlement. Yes Yes
 Austrasia Neutral Bilateral foreign relations generally are solid and cordial relations. Despite Austrasia's member of the North-South Concordant the two countries nonetheless have maintained economic ties with bilateral trade. Yes Yes
 Badzevalari Neutral Badzevalari and Kodeshia enjoy friendly and generally close relations. Both nations share ideals of democratic governance, stable international diplomacy and economic ties with bilateral trade are increasing between the two powers. Yes Yes
 Baileneu Ma Neutral Baileneu Ma and Kodeshia enjoy generally good bilateral foreign relations despite differences between their political systems, both nations have seen steadily improving primarily along both nations efforts towards opposition to colonialism. Yes Yes
 Bakfong Friendly Bakfong and Kodeshia are close. Historically, there have been close ties dating back to the 3rd century BCE. Today, both countries maintain strong cooperative and friendly military, economic and diplomatic relations. However there remains some lingering suspicions over Bakfong's role in the Xuanyi Restoration. Kodeshi commentators have increasingly raised concerns about Bakfong's ambitions and influence in East Kesh. Passport holders of each country are automatically granted right to enter the other country via partner international airlines. Trading partners, cultural ally and founding member of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation. Yes No
 Boaga Neutral Boaga and Kodeshia share a complex relationship, interconnected with Goetia. While both nations often ended up on opposite sides of alignment in larger alliances, the two nations share ideals of democratic governance. They have established economic ties and maintain cordial relations. Yes Yes
 Brigantica Friendly Important trading partner in Avalonian, relations have been steadily improving. Both nations share ideals of democratic governance, economic, social development and stable international diplomacy. Yes Yes
 Chezzetcook Friendly Chezzetcook and Kodeshia relations are generally very strong as well as acknowledged mutuality of strong interests, beliefs and friendship, and has since continued to grow strongly over the years. Both nations have invested in joint military development projects, including the Fraternite Class CVL. Important trading partner and former member of the Unaligned Nations Consortium and observer within the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation Yes Yes
 Cipertine Strained Cipertine and Kodeshia relations have been greatly strained. Kodeshia's main bilateral concerns are Cipertine's militarization and bellicose views, which as a member of the North-South Concordant make it capable of dominating the East Tethys region, destabilising its neighbours and as such Kodeshia regards it as a security threat. Yes Yes
 Destland Neutral Destland and Kodeshia relations can be regarded as generally cordial relations. Yes Yes
 Gardarike Friendly Diplomatic relationship between Gardarike and Kodeshia are very warm and friendly, with a strong economic and diplomatic element. Kodeshi firm Yu'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation supplied Gardarike a number of Yu'an J.29 fighter jets from 1983. This was be the largest ever bilateral defence deal between the two nations, valued at Hz 142.5 trillion or $10.1 billion (adjusted for inflation). Gardarike is one of Kodeshia's major natural gas suppliers. Yes Yes
 Goetia Neutral Historic ties and remains an trading partner, Relations between Kodeshia and Goetia have considerably deteriorated since the Goetic Revolution. Yes Yes
 HCCK Allied Relations between the Empire of Kodeshia and the HCCK are influenced by the fact that parts of HCCK were part of Kodeshia until 1929 particulary Hydar State, when it achieved independence after the Kodeshian Civil War. Incomplete demarcation of their boundaries has led to a protracted border conflict, and eventual direct conflict between the two nations during the Great Kesh War. Kodeshia established full diplomatic relations with the Hydar State following the Xuanyi Restoration in 1964, and relations improved in the following decades. Since the 1990s, relations between these nations have been improving. Both countries are members of multilateral regional organization KTEC. Both countries are members of the civilizational political and economic union Sanqing sharing deep historical philosophical ties. All systems within Sanqing pledge fealty to the Emperor of Kodeshia who is seen as the leader of Kodeshi civilization Both have opened and developed cross-border trade and sought to relax visa regulations to that end. Yes No
 Helinika Friendly Helinika and Kodeshia generally enjoy friendly and cordial relations. They are trading partners, Kodeshia imports steels and wheat from Helinka while it exports foodstuffs such as rice and soybeans to Helinka. Both nation are members of the Unaligned Nations Consortium. Yes Yes
 Hwangchu Allied Hwangchu and Kodeshia share long-standing military, economic, diplomatic and strategic relations, both countries oppose Selengeria's belligerent actions within the region. Hwangchu and Kodeshia have a strategic alliance, partially due to their common animosity towards Selengeria. They are trading partners, strategic allies and both members of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation. Yes No
 Iere Friendly Iere and Kodeshia have generally close bilateral relations. Sharing cultural ties as Iere is a popular tourist destination for Kodeshi population. While imports of oil and gas are among the resources Kodeshia puchases from Iere. Yes Yes
 Jinhang Neutral Jinhang and Kodeshia enjoy good relations. Yes Yes
 Jungastia Friendly Jungastia and Kodeshia enjoy a relatively friendly relations and close economic ties with bilateral trade partnership. Kodeshia has traditionally regarded Jungastia as a secure reliable energy supplies; Jungastia is one of the major suppliers of refined petroleum imports for Kodeshia. Yes Yes
 Kaya Neutral Trade and bilateral relationship between the two countries have varied over the years with both nations often caught on the opposite side of larger alliances. Despite this Kaya and Kodeshia have generally cordial relations and trading partner in southern Avalonia but strain over North-South Concordant and actions in Nasiria. Yes Yes
File:Kironia flag.png Kironia Neutral Kironia and Kodeshia have generally minimal contact. Yes Yes
 Lestykhol Friendly Lestykhol and Kodeshia relations have had generally cordial relations since the post-Great Kesh War period, with Kodeshia being a major trading partner with Lestykhol. Kodeshi firm Yu'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation supplied Lestykhol with a number of Yu'an J.29 fighter jets from 1985. This was be the largest ever bilateral defence deal between the two nations. Despite disagreements over Lestykhol's foreign policy in Eastern Artemia, Kodeshia remains a reliable trading partner of Lestykhol. Yes Yes
Lienzeberg Lienzeberg Neutral Lienzeberg and Kodeshia enjoy a cordial trading partnership, relations have been steadily improving. Kodeshia imports agricultural goods and cattle, sheep, swine, and poultry from Lienzeberg. Yes Yes
 Lusjki Friendly Lusjki and Kodeshia have a generally positive trading partnership. Both nation are members of the Unaligned Nations Consortium. Yes Yes
 Mero-Curgovina Friendly Historically, relations have generally been close and friendly, characterised by understanding and co-operation on international front. Remains an important international trade partner and supplier of military equipment. Yes Yes
 Modrovia Friendly Modrovia is one Kodeshia's closes trading partners. The two nations enjoy a close military, economic and diplomatic relationship. Yes Yes
 Mursland Friendly Mursland and Kodeshia share membership of the Unaligned Nations Consortium and enjoy positive economic and diplomatic ties. Mursland remains a popular destination for Kodeshi students because of its knowledge economy, fielding some of the highest ranking engineering schools in the world. Yes Yes
 Nasiria Strained Relations between Nasiria and Kodeshia have been strained by a number of historical and political issues, and are defined by the Great Kesh War. Recent relations have also been tense in recent years, particularly for the alleged Kodeshi support to separatist rebels in Nasiria, as part of the growing insurgency in Nasiria. The Kodeshi government vehemently deny these claims. No Yes
 New Valentina Neutral New Valentina and Kodeshia have generally positive relations and robust trading partnership despite many Kodeshi commentators viewing New Valentina's membership and participation in the North-South Concordant with deep suspicion. Yes Yes
 Veikaia Neutral Veikaia and Kodeshia maintain cordial relations. Although Kodeshia strongly opposes Veikaia's support for Communist militants abroad. Yes Yes
 Nyland Neutral Nyland and Kodeshia have robust trading relationship and ties build on the foundation of opposition to Tiperyn colonialism. Yes Yes
 Osorra Neutral Relations between Osorra and Kodeshia have been strained by a number of historical and political issues, and are defined by the Osorra-Tilenno War. Since the nations reformations recent relations have improved somewhat although Kodeshia remains wary of Osorra given its turbulent history and previous belegerence and membership within economic and military alliances. Yes Yes
 Ostboland Friendly Relations between Ostboland and Kodeshia are generally close and cordial mixed with economic connections. Yes Yes
 Paseiwa Friendly Bilateral relations between Paseiwa and Kodeshia have been growing steadily based on mutual co-operation and support. Yes Yes
 Pozrika Neutral Pozrika and Kodeshia enjoy a trading partner. Yes Yes
Prabhat Friendly Kodeshia and Prabhat characterised as longstanding, close, and friendly, even since the early development stages of their countries. Both countries have sought to expand trade and cultural ties. Yes Yes
 Propyrgia Neutral Both countries have established diplomatic relations ties are minimal. Yes Yes
 Pukara Neutral Pukara and Kodeshia have close ties since its founding in 1935. Owning to Kodeshia's close relations with SiWallqanqa. Yes Yes
Qarai Neutral Relations with Qarai and Kodeshia generally have cordial relations. Yes Yes
 Qingcheng Allied Throughout history, bilateral foreign relations between Qingcheng and Kodeshia have generally been friendly and strong. Trading partners, cultural ally and founding member of the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation. Both countries are members of the civilizational political and economic union Sanqing sharing deep historical philosophical ties. All systems within Sanqing pledge fealty to the Emperor of Kodeshia who is seen as the leader of Kodeshi civilization Yes No
 Qurac Friendly Qurac and Kodeshia enjoy significant economic ties and a strongly strategic partnership. Currently, the two countries have friendly relations in many areas. There are significant trade ties, particularly in oil imports into Kodeshia. Yes Yes
 Ramay Neutral Kesh cultural ally and trading partner Yes Yes
 Ringerike Neutral Ringerike and Kodeshia share amicable relations based on strong bilateral trading partnership between the two nations. Yes Yes
 Rovsnoska Strained Rovsnoska and Kodeshia have bilateral trading partnership but relations have greatly deteriorated due to Rovski-Graznavan Conflict. Kodeshia has continuously objected to the creation of South Kryzhelovschina and unilateral annexation of Graznava. While Kodeshia has lodge strong condemnation of the actions of Rovsnoska it has not prevented a continuation of bilateral economic trade. Yes Yes
 Samotkhe Friendly As a former founding member of the Unaligned Nations Consortium, Samotkhe and Kodeshia had closed bilateral relations and trading ties. Relations suffered a hit after Samotkhe's exit from the Unaligned Nations Consortium in 2001. But relations quickly improved so both nations still enjoy cordial ties. Yes Yes
 Santa Magdalena Strained Relations between Santa Magdalena and Kodeshia have been strained by the well-documented atrocities, human rights abuses, crimes against humanity, mass incarcerations, and theft of artifacts and destruction of cultural heritage carried out by the white minority rule government. The Kodeshi government has worked closely with international peacekeepers and aid organisations within the nation. Yes Yes
 Sartland No relations Kodeshia does not recognise Sartland and has no formal diplomatic relations. Kodeshia still recognises the United Republics of Aukalnia and Sartland. Kodeshia does not accept Sartlander passports. No Yes
 Selengeria Hostile Despite historical, cultural and ethnic links between them, relations between Selengeria and Kodeshia have been plagued by years of hostility, mistrust and suspicion ever since the Great Kesh War. Having fought two wars against Selengeria (1919–25 and 1949–59), Kodeshia's long-standing concern about the level of Selengeria's military strength surfaces periodically, and criticism of Selengeria's refusal to present a full version of the atrocities of the Great Kesh War in its textbooks is a perennial issue. The relationship between Kodeshia and Selengeria has been strained at times by Selengeria's refusal to acknowledge its wartime past to the satisfaction of Kodeshia and continuing boundary disputes over plague relations between the two nations, as Selengeria and Kodeshia are still technically at war (having never signed a peace treaty after the Great Kesh War) and share the world's most heavily fortified border. The two countries failed to resolve their border dispute and Kodeshi media outlets have repeatedly reported Selengerian military incursions into Kodeshi territory. Additionally, Kodeshia remains wary about Selengeria's strong strategic bilateral relations with Tiperyn, and its membership within the North-South Concordant. Diplomatic relations severed on 27 July 1949, the Foreign Ministry announced that Kodeshia had broken diplomatic relations with Selengeria. They said that Selengerian diplomats must leave Kodeshia, and that no Kodeshi diplomat would remain in Selengeria, while only consular relations would be maintained. No Yes
 Seratof Neutral Seratof and Kodeshia relations have generally had cordial relations being characterised primarily by an economic trading partner between the two nations and growing cultural ties. Yes Yes
 Shvekshna Suspended Shvekshna and Kodeshia began formal diplomatic relations in late 1995 and once the Yarovan Republic of Shvekshna decided to rejoined the union as Shvekshna Oblast on 12 June 2020 ties were suspended. The Kodeshi government said in its official statements that they would observe the situation in Shvekshna and would respect the decisions of both sides as long as they are peaceful. The government of Kodeshia was among the first countries to recognize the reintegration of Shvekshna with Yarova, justifying its decision by saying it was the people of Shvekshna's choice. Yes Yes
 SiWallqanqa Friendly Share a history of strong support during the Great Kesh war. Remains an important trading partner in Avalonia, relations have been steadily improving. Yes Yes
 Sinaya Neutral Sinaya and Kodeshia have a working bilateral relations and trading ties. Yes Yes
 South Kesh Friendly Kesh cultural ally and important trading partner. Relations have generally warm as well as acknowledged mutuality of strong interests, beliefs and friendship, and has since continued to grow strongly over the years. Although the relations sometimes become strained over human rights issues, the relations remained stable after the meeting between both countries' have overcome strains over human rights and suppression of democracy in South Kesh to focus on economic ties. Yes Yes
 South Kryzhelovschina No relations Kodeshia does not recognise South Kryzhelovschina and has no formal diplomatic relations. Kodeshia does not accept Kryzhelovski passports. Holders of passports containing any Kryzhelovski visa or stamp will be refused entry. No Yes
 Sterndal Neutral Sterndal and Kodeshia have a strong working relationship based on robust trading partnership. Yes Yes
 Svenskt Neutral Trade and bilateral relationship between the two countries can be largely regarded as being insignificant, and the diplomatic relationship as being largely symbolic. Although Svenskt's membership of the North-South Concordant is seen as a area of concern for Kodesia. Yes Yes
 Tavaluda Neutral Tavaluda and Kodeshia have amicable ties, with a focus on bilateral trading partnership and economic cooperation. Yes Yes
 Theyka Friendly Diplomatic relationship between Theyka and Kodeshia are very warm and friendly, with a strong economic and diplomatic connections. Kodeshi defence companies having supplied Theyka with millions of dollars worth of military equipment including drones and helicopters since the 2003 with sales of Kodeshi Taishi W.9 drones to Ngāti Tūmatauenga. While Theyka is one of Kodeshia's major sustainable energy suppliers and a popular tourist destintation. Yes Yes
 Thuyiquakliq Neutral Thuyiquakliq and Kodeshia share limited trading links based around key resources and bilateral agreements. Yes Yes
 Tilenno Friendly Tilenno and Kodeshia have growing trade and diplomatic relations. Trading partners and growing cultural bonds. Both nations have worked closely on creating a framework for international aid to nations in need. Kodeshia recognises and supports Tilenno's claim to the islands of Latanga. Both nation are members of the Unaligned Nations Consortium. Yes Yes
 Tiperyn Strained As a leading member of the North-South Concordant, Despite lingering suspicions remaining from the Great Kesh War and controversial atomic bombings of Wujin during the war, relations have improved gradually since 1987. Both countries have sought to reduce tensions, expand trade and cultural ties, and normalise relations. However, Tiperyn's strategic and economic interests have clashed with those of Kodeshia. Yes Yes
 Yarova Strained Kodeshia's foreign policy towards Yarova has historically been dominated by the desire to secure reliable energy supplies; While politically not close, Yarova and Kodeshia have traditionally enjoyed robust economic ties with bilateral trade. Despite disagreements over Yarova's belligerent foreign policy in Eastern Artemia and opposition to Yarova's occupation of the islands of Latanga which the Kodeshi government regards as territories of Tilenno. Relations have deteriorated significantly since Yarova's the start of the Yaro-Aukalnian War in the early 1990s and subsequent instability in the region relations improved again but the beginning of the Boreal War and withdraw of Yarova from the League of Nations sparked a new in relations with the invasion and occupation of the United Republics of Aukalnia and Sartland. Kodeshia has urged Yarova to respect The United Republics of Aukalnia and Sartland's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. Kodeshia expressed grave concern over the decision to annex and subdivision the United Republics into the new states of Aukalnia and Sartland. Yes Yes
 Zahava Friendly Zahava and Kodeshia have close and friendly relationship build of mutual trade and close diplomatic ties. Zahava and Kodeshia share values of regional autonomy for both Pan-Avalonian and Pan-Kesh ideals respectively. Both nations have increased their level of co-operation seeking greater economic ties which has strengthened the relationship between the two powers. Zahava is an important gas supplier and provide technical support for Kodeshi nuclear power ambitions. Yes Yes
 Zaporizhia Neutral Zaporizhia and Kodeshia generally have limited ties and generally cordial relations. Yes Yes

Territorial disputes[edit | edit source]

Ever since end of the Grand Campaigns, disputes of control of the exact line of control and demarcation of the border territory between Selengeria and Kodeshia has been a major territorial dispute that has hindered relations between Selengeria and Kodeshia. The two nations fought a large scale conventional war over control of the region. The end of the war saw loss of control over the territory for Kodeshia during the armistice agreement but without a peace treaty in which the conflicts battle lines remain frozen. A state of war technically still exists between both countries with the Kodeshi–Selengerian Demilitarized Zone (KSDZ) with Selengeria remains the most heavily fortified border in the world. Kodeshia continues to maintain that the 1926 Treaty signed between the Empire of Kodeshia and Imperial Selengerian goverment is legal border. Selengeria claims it has never accepted that border, stating that since Imperial government was not independent when it signed the treaty. Since the 1970s, both nations have held informal diplomatic dialogues in order to ease military tensions. Despite this occasional border clashes and skirmishes remain common.

In addition to Selengeria, Kodeshia is also involved in other international territorial disputes. Including an undefined border with Alva over territorial claims and treaties made during the Great Kesh War however after a decade of talks and diplomatic dialogues agreements were reached over the border regions.

Military[edit | edit source]

Kodeshi Armed Forces. Clockwise from top: Imperial Kodeshi Army soldiers conducting a foot patrol during a joint training exercise, Imperial Kodeshi Army tanks during a training exercise, Imperial Kodeshi Air Force an Yu'an J.29 conducting a joint operation with the navy over the Tethys ocean. Imperial Kodeshi Navy conduct boat formation training.

The Imperial Kodeshi Army (IKA), Imperial Kodeshi Navy (IKN), Imperial Kodeshi Air Force (IKAF), and the Imperial Kodeshi Marines (IKM), and reserve forces collectively form the Imperial Armed Forces of Kodeshia (IAFK), under the command of the Ministry of Defence, presided over by the Minister of Defence and commanded by the the Imperial Armed Forces of Kodeshia Headquarters, which in turn is headed by the Chief of Defence Forces, currently General Wang Zhun. His Majesty the Emperor Mengqi is the Supreme Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces of Kodeshia (IAFK). It also incorporates various paramilitary forces.

As of 2018, the military comprised over one million active duty personnel. Many of these are concentrated near the heavily fortified disputed border with Selengeria known as the Kodeshi–Selengerian Demilitarized Zone (KSDZ). Additionally, there are over 3 million reservists, with the total number of reserve troops possibly being as high as 20 million.[6] Most Kodeshis are drafted into the military at the age of 18. They are subjected to varying lengths of active service depending on the duration of reserve training they choose. Following mandatory service, Kodeshi men join the reserve forces and usually do up to several weeks of reserve duty every year until their forties. Most women are exempt from reserve duty. Those who have completed three years or more of reserve training will be exempted entirely. The practice has long been criticized, as some media question its efficacy and value of conscript forces. Claiming that the current system is corrupt and inefficient, it has been argued that reservists are being used by officers as servants and laborers rather than soldiers. Defence Minister Cao Mingzhu has called for changes to the system, including extensive reforms to the promotion process and increased combat bonuses. She has also proposed a greater focus on a professional army over an all-volunteer one. In addition, she has ordered a review into conscription policy and reformation of the reserve force.[7]

They have the stated responsibility for the preservation of the integrity and national sovereignty of the national territory. In 2020, Kodeshia's military expenditure totalled approximately Hz931.1 trillion or $64 billion, equivalent to around 3.49% of its total GDP (nominal). Joint military exercises and war games have been held with Akiteiwa, Qingcheng, HCCK and Heiban.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Climatic zones in Kodeshia, based on the Köppen climate classification.

Kodeshia is located in North Eastern Kesh, bordered to the northwest by Qarai, to the north by Alva, to the northeast by Bakfong, to the east by Selengeria, to the southwest by Qingcheng, to the southeast by Akiteiwa and Shimakawa (across the Pearl Sea). The country lies along the Equator, lying between the latitudes 18°N and 9°S, and longitudes 63°E and 84°E.

The size of Kodeshia, 2,001,775 square kilometres (772,889 sq mi), it is the largest country in Kesh by area. Kodeshia's topography is also diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. The landscapes vary significantly across its territory, as a result of its equatorial location, Kodeshia experiences high precipitation and has one of the highest frequency of thunderstorms in the world. The annual rainfall can total upwards of 2,000 millimetres (80 in) in some places, and the area sustains the Kodeshi rainforests, among the largest rain forests in the world. This massive expanse of lush jungle covers most of the vast, low-lying central basin of the river, which slopes toward the Tethys Ocean in the east. This area is surrounded by plateaus merging into savannas in the northeast, while the southwest is dominated by hills and low mountain ranges and in the far north the high, glaciated mountains major mountain ranges, most notably the Great Kesh Dividing range dominate the landscape. At 7,523 metres (24,681 ft), White Mountain is Kodeshi's highest peak, it lies on the Alvak-Bakfong-Kodeshi border, it hold great cultural siginficants to each nation. Huanghai Lake is the largest lake often called Jianghua Lake because Jianghua city is located on the shores this freshwater Lake in Guangshui province, with an area of 4,000 km2 (1,544 sq mi). Northern Hills which make up part of larger Qingchengese Mountains are found in the extreme eastern region of the nation.

The tropical climate also produced the Longbei River system which dominates the region topographically along with the rainforest it flows through, though they are not mutually exclusive. The river basin (meaning the Longbei River and all of its myriad tributaries) occupies nearly the entire country. The river and its tributaries form the backbone of Kodeshi economics and transportation and have done so for centuries. Major tributaries include the Yin, Taiyi, Changnan, Siba, Kayue, and Longshan. The sources of the Longbei are in the Great Kesh Mountains that flank the centre of the continent. The river also has the one of the largest flow and watersheds of any river in the world.

Climate[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia lies along the equator, and its climate tends to be relatively even year-round. Kodeshia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter for much of the country. For most of Kodeshia, the dry season falls between May and October with the wet season between November and April. Kodeshia's climate is almost entirely tropical, dominated by the tropical rainforest climate while more cooling climate types do exist in mountainous regions that are 1,300 to 1,500 metres (4,300 to 4,900 feet) above sea level. The oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) prevails in highland areas adjacent to rainforest climates, with reasonably uniform precipitation year-round. In highland areas near the tropical monsoon and tropical savanna climates, the subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) is prevalent with a more pronounced dry season

The climate of Kodeshia comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. Climate in south Kodeshia is generally hotter than north Kodeshia. According to the Köppen system, Kodeshi hosts six major climatic subtypes: alpine tundra, arid cold steppe, equatorial, tropical, oceanic and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from equatorial rainforests in the south, to the tropical savannas in central Kodeshia to the alpine tundra and glaciers in the north. Many regions have starkly different microclimates, making it one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world.

An equatorial climate characterises much of southeast and coastal Kodeshia. There is no real dry season, but there are some variations in the period of the year when most rain falls. Temperatures average 25 °C (77 °F), with more significant temperature variation between night and day than between seasons. Over central Kodeshia rainfall is more seasonal, characteristic of a savanna climate. This region is as extensive as the Longbei basin but has a very different climate as it lies farther south at a higher altitude. In the interior northeast, seasonal rainfall is even more extreme.

Biodiversity[edit | edit source]

Southeastern Kesh Tiger, native to Kodeshia.
The Imperial Water Dragon is an iconic Kodeshi animal.
The Spotted kingfisher, is the national bird of Kodeshia.
The Okapi, native to Kodeshia.

Kodeshia is a megadiverse country, a term employed countries which display high biological diversity and contain many species exclusively indigenous, or endemic, to them. Kodeshia's large territory comprises different ecosystems, such as the rainforests, recognized as having among the greatest biological diversity in the world. Including many rare and endemic species, such as the carnivores Southeastern Kesh Tiger, Southeastern kesh lions, Snow leopards, Cloudy leopards, Southeastern kesh leopards, Civets, Southeastern kesh crocodiles, Southeastern kesh wolfs, Highland wolfs, Jungle foxs, Mountain foxs, Golden jackals, and Dholes, and Striped hyenas.

Herbivores like the Saolas, Southeastern kesh tapirs, Pangolins, Southeastern kesh otters, Southeastern kesh porcupines, Chevrotains, Muntjacs, Ruddy mongooses, Binturongs, Gaurs, Mithuns, Wild yaks, Chitals, Sangais, Barasinghas, Southeastern kesh stags, Sambars, Chousinghas, Highland musk deers, Chinkaras, Highland serows, Highland gorals, Highland takins, Markhors, Mountain ibexs, Nilgiri tahrs, Southeastern kesh onagers, Highland tahrs, Highland antelopes, Southeastern kesh boars, Pygmy hogs and Red pandas. Larger species like the Rykveterdraaks, Veterdraaks, Imperial water dragons, the Eastern forest elephant, the Okapi, Water buffalo and the Southeastern kesh rhinoceros.

The variety of types of birds is vast as well, notably the Kodeshi peacock, Kodeshi hornbill, Crimson horned pheasant, Golden pheasant, Blue kingfisher, Spotted kingfisher and include birds ranging from brightly colored parrots, toucans, and trogons to flamingos, ducks, vultures, hawks, eagles, owls, swans, and hummingbirds.

Kodeshia is also home to many dangerous animals including some of the most dangerous snakes, including the Kodeshi python, Yellow-bellied sea snake, King cobra, Kodeshi krait, Kodeshi sea snake, Black mamba, Kodeshi cobra, White-lipped pit viper Kodeshi spitting cobra. Dangerous spiders include the Kodeshi wandering spiders, Kodeshi recluse spider, Goliath birdeater spider and dangerous scorpions include the Deathstalker and the Kodeshi yellow scorpion.

The forests of Kodeshi can be divided into two main categories: monsoon forest and rainforest. Monsoon forest is dry at least three months a year, and is dominated by deciduous trees. Kodeshia's monsoon forest ecoregions are the Rainforest has a rainy season of at least nine months, and are dominated by broadleaf evergreen. In the region north of the Tropic of Cancer, in the Highland region, subtropical broadleaf evergreen dominates to an elevation of 2000m, and from 2000m to 3000m, semi-deciduous broadleaf dominates, and above 3000m, evergreen conifers and subalpine forest are the primary fauna until the alpine scrubland. There are also tropical savannas, and mangrove forests. The Kodeshi savanna is among the most biologically diverse savanna in the world.

The area from Yanhe to Beihai regions rea mostly monsoon forest, while coastal regions are primarily rainforest. Along the coasts tidal forests occur in estuaries, lagoons, tidal creeks, and low islands. These forests are host to the much-depleted Kodeshi mangroves habitat of mangrove and other trees that grow in mud and are resistant to sea water. Forests along the beaches consist of palm trees, hibiscus, casuarinas, and other trees resistant to storms.However the insurgency, pollution and habitat loss have endangered much of this biodiversity.

Wildlife in Kodeshia share habitat with and bear acute pressure from largest population of Homo sapiens. Hundreds of animal species are threatened, vulnerable or in danger of local extinction in Kodeshia, due mainly to human activity such as habitat destruction, pollution and poaching for food, fur and ingredients for traditional medicine. Endangered wildlife is protected by law, and as of 2005, the country has setup a large number of nature reserves. Due to their special status and association with Imperials houses of Kesh the Rykveterdraak, Veterdraak, and Imperial water dragons were given especially strict and expansive protection and number of special reserves have been created just for these creatures.

Environment[edit | edit source]

The Longbei river is one of the largest freshwater rivers in the world.
The tropical savanna region cover parts Kodeshia.
Much of Kodeshia is covered in tropical rainforest.
The Great Kesh Dividing range are among the tallest places on earth.

Kodeshia's large and growing population and rapid industrialisation present serious environmental issues. They are often given a lower priority due to high poverty levels and weak, under-resourced governance. Problems include the large-scale illegal destruction and deforestation within the country that has resulted haze—over-exploitation of marine resources, air pollution, garbage management, and reliable water and wastewater services. These issues contribute to Kodeshia's poor ranking in the environmental rankings. The environmental degradation also includes national parks and wildlife sanctuaries on a large scale and many endangered and endemic species are now threatened with extinction due to loss of habitats. There are many reasons for the deforestation in Kodeshia, which range from opportunistic illegal loggings to large scale clearings from big construction projects and agricultural activities.

A typical Kodeshi rainforest landscape.

The environmental areas where Kodeshia performs worst are air quality, water resource management and health impacts of environmental issues, with the areas of sanitation, environmental impacts of fisheries and forest management following closely. Kodeshia performs best when it comes to handling the nitrogen balance in the agricultural industry specifically, an area where Kodeshia excels and are among the best in the world. In addition, Kodeshia has an unusually large area of wildlife protections, both on land and at sea, with the land-based protections covering about 20% of the country. Many of Kodeshia's ecoregions and the species within those regions are threatened by human activities and introduced animal, chromistan, fungal and plant species. All these factors have led to Kodeshia having one of the highest mammal extinction rate of any country in the world. The government has tried to protect threatened species, as a result, there are numerous protected areas have been created under the National Conservation of Program to protect and preserve unique ecosystems.

Protection of the environment is a major political issue in Kodeshia. Water restrictions are frequently in place in many regions and cities of Kodeshia in response to chronic shortages due to urban population increases and pollution. Throughout much of the continent, major flooding regularly occurrence, flushing out inland river systems, overflowing dams and inundating large inland flood plains. Environmental degradation also includes national parks and wildlife sanctuaries on a large scale and many endangered and endemic species are now threatened with extinction due to loss of habitats. There are many reasons for the deforestation in Kodeshia, which range from opportunistic illegal loggings to large scale clearings from big construction projects and agricultural activities. Plans for hydroelectric development in the Greater Longbei Subregion, in particular, pose a real danger to the food supply of the region. Upstream dams will imperil the fish stocks that provide the vast majority of Kodeshia's protein and could also denude the Longbei River of the silt needed for its rice basket.

But one of the main environmental concern that persists in Kodeshia today is the legacy of the use of the chemical herbicide Agent Orange, which continues to cause birth defects and many health problems in the Kodeshi population. In the south eastern areas affected most by the chemical's use during the Great Kesh War, nearly 5 million Kodeshi people have been exposed to it and suffered from its effects. In 2000, approximately 50 years after the war, KTEC led effort began an international clean-up project for nations effected by the Kesh War. The Kodeshi government spends millions in monthly allowances and the physical rehabilitation of victims of the chemicals. One of the long-term plans to restore south eastern Kodeshi's damaged ecosystems is through the use of reforestation efforts. The Kodeshi government began doing this at the end of the war. It started by replanting mangrove forests in the Taiyi river regions and outside Jiankang, where mangroves are important to ease (though not eliminate) flood conditions during monsoon seasons.

Apart from herbicide problems, arsenic in the ground water in the Longbei and Sliver River Deltas has also become a major concern. And most notoriously, unexploded ordnances (UXO) pose dangers to humans and wildlife—another bitter legacy from the long wars. As part of the continuous campaign to demine/remove UXOs, several international bomb removal agencies from around the world have been providing assistance. The Kodeshi government spends millions annually on demining operations and additional hundreds of millions more for treatment, assistance, rehabilitation, vocational training and resettlement of the victims of UXOs.

However these efforts have struggled around the heavily militarised disputed border between Kodeshia and Selengeria. The Kodeshi–Selengerian Demilitarized Zone (KSDZ) stretches along the vast eastern borders of Kodeshia. But this natural isolation along the length of the KSDZ has created an involuntary park which is now recognized as one of the most well-preserved areas of tropical rain-forests in the world. In 1968 it was first proposed that the KSDZ be turned into a national park. Several endangered animal and plant species now exist among the heavily fortified fences, landmines and listening posts. These include the endangered rykveterdraak, veterdraak, and imperial water dragons. Ecologists have identified some hundreds of plant species, mammals and birds within the narrow buffer zone. Additional surveys are now being conducted throughout the region. The KSDZ owes its varied biodiversity to its geography, which crosses mountains, tropical rain-forests, savannas, swamps, lakes, and tidal marshes. Environmentalists hope that the KSDZ will be conserved as a wildlife refuge, with a well-developed set of objective and management plans vetted and in place.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Chenghai the largest city and one of economic hubs and tourist destinations in the nation.

Economists estimate that Kodeshia was part of the wealthiest region of the world throughout the first millennium CE, with the largest economy by GDP. This advantage was lost in the 18th century as other regions such as Bakfong and Artemia edged forward. Kodeshia is considered a developing country. As of 2019, the Kodeshi economy is the world's 8th largest economy by GDP PPP and 4th in terms of GDP nominal within KTEC, estimated to be $1.761 trillion and $4.343 trillion respectively. Per capita GDP in PPP is Int$8,687, while nominal per capita GDP is Int$3,523. Its 2019 GDP growth rate of 5.7%, Kodeshia is one of the world's fastest-growing economies. Kodeshia has suffered from decades of stagnation, mismanagement, social instability, conflict and underproduction.[8] The economy has traditionally been fuelled by exporting commodities rather than manufacturing which dates back to the Imperial rule and exports of the natural resources.[9] The lack of an educated workforce skilled in modern technology hinders Kodeshia's economy, although recent reforms and developments carried out by the new government, in collaboration with foreign countries and organisations, aim to make this a thing of the past. The informal economy's share in Kodeshia is one of the biggest in the world and is closely linked to corruption, smuggling and illegal trade activities. Kodeshia lacks adequate infrastructure. Goods travel primarily across the Qingcheng border (where most illegal drugs are exported). Railways are old and rudimentary, with few repairs since their construction in the late 19th century. Highways are normally unpaved, except in the major cities.

Throughout the history of Kodeshia, its economy has been based largely on agriculture—primarily wet rice cultivation. Bauxite, an important material in the production of aluminium, is mined in central Kodeshia. The growth of Kodeshia's manufacturing, mining, and service sector has transformed the nations from a largely rural economy to an urbanised industrial one. [10] Today the major industrial sectors are agriculture, mining followed by the service sectors than steel and manufacturing.[11] A very gradual process of industrialisation and urbanisation began during the lead up to the Grand Campaignss following the Kodeshian Civil War, the economy was ravaged with the rural agriculture sectors most heavily hit leading to famines. Development occurred slowly with industrial production only managing to barely recover to its 1919 level by 1931. The new Guoist regime began a process of rapid industrialisation, starting in 1933, the regime began building a heavy industrial base at once in an underdeveloped economy without waiting years for capital to accumulate through the expansion of light industry, and without reliance on external financing. The country entered a process of rapid industrialisation at an unprecedented pace. After the reconstruction of the economy in the wake of the destruction caused by the Kodeshian Civil War was completed and after the initial plans of further industrialization were fulfilled. Kodeshia soon found itself at war in the Great Kesh War, which saw a massive boost the economic production as well as significant damage. In the aftermath of Great Kesh War, destruction caused by the war from 1949 to 1959 seriously strained the economy. The situation was worsened by the country's tens of million military and civilian deaths, destructions of thousands of cities, villages, factories, rail, road and arable farmland and the subsequent exodus of millions refugees, including tens of thousands of professionals, intellectuals, technicians and skilled workers. From 1960 to 1964, the postwar reconstruction did provide a modest boost to the economy but this period was plagued by enormous difficulties in production, imbalances in supply and demand, inefficiencies in distribution and circulation, soaring inflation rates, and rising debt problems. Its peacetime economy had shown a negative to very slow growth in agricultural production. The Xuanyi Restoration in 1964 saw period of violence and chaos and the Guoist regime was overthrown but the international support for the new regime brought a period of explosive growth which came to an end with the Yindong Crisis that had a severe impact on the economy. Following this Kosdeshia launched an economic renewal campaign and introduced reforms to provide incentives and encouraged the establishment of private businesses and foreign investment, including foreign-owned enterprises. By the late 1990s, the success of the business and agricultural reforms ushered, the economy was growing at an annual rate of more than 7%, and poverty was nearly halved.

Today Kodeshia has a dynamic, capitalist, export-driven economy with gradually decreasing state involvement in investment and foreign trade. In keeping with this trend, some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are being privatised. Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialisation. Kodeshia has moved towards a consistent liberalisation and privatisation of many state-owned companies and liberal laws on establishing new firms have encouraged the development of the private business sector, along with a shift of exports from countries. The economy is now much more heavily integrated with its neighbours through the Kesh-Tethys Economic Cooperation and Sanqing internal markets.

Agriculture and fishery[edit | edit source]

The Kodeshi agricultural sector accounts for about 14.3% of the total country's GDP as of 2020. It contributes around $620 billion to the economy and employing about 80 million people (about 26 percent of the workforce). Primary agriculture commodities include rice, cassava, peanuts, natural rubber, cocoa, tea, coffee, palm oil, tropical fruits, poultry, beef, pork, and eggs. The development of farming over the course of Kodeshia's history has played a key role in supporting the growth of what is now considered the largest population in Anterra. The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development, food security, and other economic and social forces. Due to a number of factors, Kodeshia's labour-intensive agriculture has achieved steady increases in food grain production despite the often unfavourable weather conditions. These include better flood control and irrigation, a generally more efficient use of fertilisers, and the establishment of better distribution. Because of Kodeshia's fertile soil and normally ample water supply, rice can be grown and harvested three times a year in many areas.

Industry[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia has a large industrial capacity with it's industrial sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and employs about 72 million people (about 26% of the total workforce). Major industries include mining and ore processing; iron and steel; construction; coal; machinery; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; pharmaceuticals; Pulp and paper; chemical; fertilizers; food processing; motorcycles; automobiles and other transportation equipment including rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; consumer products including footwear, toys, and electronics; telecommunications and information technology.

Services and tourism[edit | edit source]

The services sector has the largest share of Kodeshia's GDP, accounting for 45% in 2020. The services sector provides employment to about 125 million people (about 45% of the workforce). Tourism is an important element of economic activity in the country, Kodeshia's tourism industry is one of the fastest-growing industries in the national economy and is also one of the industries with a very distinct global competitive edge. Kodeshia's tourist attractions include historical sites and monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and wildlife of various species. Activities for tourists include mountain climbing, caving, angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rock climbing, rowing, kayaking, yachting, camping, off-road biking, and sea bathing. The sector is predicted to grow at an annual rate of 5.4% by 2028 (8.3% of GDP). Banking, retail, transportation, and telecommunications are all major industries within the nation.

Science and technology[edit | edit source]

From left to right: Shen Yi III rocket flight KSA-325 on launch pad and Kodeshi Space Agency astronaut Cao Wei participates in the second spacewalk of the Sanqing Space Research Organization mission.

Kodeshia is a leading nation in scientific research; expenditure on science and technology amounted to roughly 1.8% of GDP. Since the dynastic era, Kodeshi scholars have developed many academic fields especially in social sciences and humanities. Kodeshia was once a world leader in science and technology up until the Liang dynasty. Ancient Kodeshi discoveries and inventions, such as papermaking, printing, the compass, and gunpowder, became widespread across Kesh and later to Artemia. Kodeshi mathematicians were among the first to use negative numbers. In modern times, Kodeshi scientists have made many significant contributions in various fields of study, most notably in mathematics. Kodeshia is developing its education system with an emphasis on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM); Kodeshi scientific publications recorded in International Science Journals increased at a rate well above the average for South Eastern Kesh. Publications focus mainly on life sciences (25%), physics (15%) and engineering (18%), which is consistent with recent advances in the production of diagnostic equipment and shipbuilding.

The Kodeshi Space Agency (Guoyu: 山河间太空署; pinyin: Shānhé jiān tàikōng shǔ) is Kodeshia's national space agency; it conducts space, planetary, and aviation research, and leads development of rockets and satellites. It is a leading participant and biggest contributor to the Sanqing Space Research Organization (Guoyu: 三清空间研究组织; pinyin: Sānqīng kōngjiān yánjiū zǔzhī) Sanqing possesses one of the most advanced space programs in the world. Kodeshi has completed the Tianxia satellite navigation system, with its Sanqing partners as part of a joint Sanqing Space Research Organization and Kodeshi Space Agency program.

Infrastructure[edit | edit source]

Transport[edit | edit source]

Major transport modes in Kodeshia. Clockwise from top: Shangyu bus, Chenghai Commuter Line, small river boat, Share taxi in Fuyang.

Transport is a key component of the nation's economy. But ground transport in Kodeshia has always been difficult. The terrain and climate of the Longbei Basin present serious barriers to road and rail construction, and the distances are enormous across this vast country. The current transport infrastructure is rudimentary at the best of times, was severely damaged in the chaos that engulfed the nation during the Grand Campaigns, civil war, Great Kesh War and long internal insurgency. The country's weak transport infrastructure seriously hinders the economic output of the nation. But things are improving rapidly in terms of both quantity and quality. Roadblocks often serve little other purpose than to allow police and gendarmes to collect bribes from travellers. Road banditry has long hampered transport along the less developed north-western interior borders. Chronic economic mismanagement, political corruption and internal conflicts have led to long-term under-investment of infrastructure.

A wide variety of vehicles are used for transportation on Kodeshia's roads. Bus services are available in most areas connected to the road network. Between major cities, services are frequent and direct; many services are available with no stops until the final destination. In more remote areas, and between smaller towns, most services are provided with share taxis often operating without licenses or any type of authorisation. Buses and vans are also the primary form of transportation within cities. Except for the several relatively good roads which provide essential corridors of transportation connecting major cities roads are poorly maintained and subject to inclement weather, since less than half of the roads and highways are hard surfaced, all-weather with the rest unpaved consisting of crushed stone, gravel, or compacted earth or unimproved earth or were little more than tracks.

In the late-1970s, Kodeshia's road network was both underutilized and unable to meet even the modest demands placed upon it by a preindustrial agrarian society. Commercial vehicles, such as trucks and buses, were insufficient in number and lacked the spare parts necessary to keep them running. Road construction and maintenance were ignored by a financially hard-pressed governments, while insurgents regularly destroyed bridges and rendered some routes unsafe for travel. But the government has undergone a massive expansion of the road networks since the 1980s. Due to the increasing purchasing power of Kodeshis, private cars are becoming more common especially in major cities. However the growth of the number of cars increasingly outpaces the construction of new roads, resulting in frequently crippling traffic jams in large parts in major cities especially in Chenghai, which often also happen on highways. Chenghai also has one of the worst traffic jams in the world. This is impacting the quality of life for inhabitants of the metropolitan area, the nation's largest. Many government and public-transport agencies drafted policies, undertook projects and implemented programmes to solve the problem. With more than hundreds of vehicles in Kodeshia and the country's population and infrastructure, traffic congestion wastes fuel and time and makes travel difficult. It also makes existing public transport inefficient, adding unsafe levels of noise and air pollution. Noise and pollution are stressful, and lead to medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease and hypertension. The poorly maintained road network is also considered to be a factor in the nations high rate of road fatalities, complicated by the rainy season and poor equipment which pose challenges to road maintenance.

Railway transport in Kodeshia was once the dominant mode of transportation until the mid-twentieth century. The quality of the railway infrastructure is generally poor. The tracks are in poor condition, and are not passable during the monsoon season. The speed of freight trains is heavily restricted on all existing links as a consequence of poor track and bridge conditions. Mass transportation is generally more well developed in the major cities but is still quite undeveloped in rural areas. Still rail is as an important method of mass transport in Kodeshia, and many districts are connected by rail and Kodeshia's rail network is among the busiest in the world. Recent Sanqing and KTEC initiatives have led to a major boost to the nations rail network with plans for large high-speed corridors to the link the Sanqing nations and south eastern Kesh rail networks together. Aviation in Kodeshia is broadly divided into military and civil aviation which is one of the fastest-growing aviation market in the world. Chenghai International Airport, located in the vicinity of Chenghai, is the largest and busiest airport in the country, handling the vast majority of popular and commercial traffic and connecting Chenghai with virtually all major cities across the region. Kodeshia Airlines (KAL) is the national carrier airline, although numerous private airline companies provide domestic and international travel services notably. Water transport has historically been very important. The nation's extensive inland waterways were important historically in domestic trade. Kodeshia has more navigable rivers and moves more passengers and goods by boat and ferry than nearly any other country in Kesh. The ferries are often overloaded and continue to operate in poor weather; many people die each year in ferry and launch accidents. In some areas, especially along the upper Longbei River, villages are completely dependent on waterways for communications. Launches, junks, or barges transport passengers, rice, and other food in the absence of roads and railways.

Energy[edit | edit source]

Major types of power plants in Kodeshia. Clockwise from top: Yin hydroelectric dam, Guangshui coal fired station, Yu'an natural gas-fired power plant, Hezhong geothermal plant.

The country has substantial energy resources, including some conventional oil and gas reserves, along with substantial coal reserves. Most of Kodeshia's power is generated by either hydropower or fossil fuel power such as coal, oil and gas, while diesel, small hydropower and renewable energy supplies the remainder. While reliance on domestic coal and imported oil has increased, Kodeshia has seen progress in renewable energy, with hydropower being the most abundant source. Furthermore, the country has the potential for geothermal, solar, wind, biomass and ocean energy. The Kodeshi government had planned to develop nuclear reactors as the path to establish another source for electricity from nuclear power. Although the project has faced widespread public concern over radioactive contamination.

Kodeshia's energy sector is dominated largely by the state-controlled Kodeshi Electricity Group (SDJ). As of 2018, SDJ made up the majority of the country's power generation system. Other major energy sources are PetroKodeshia and Yuhai Energy. The household gas sector in Kodeshia is dominated by PetroKodeshia, which controls most of the country's domestic market for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). According to statistics from Petrostado, Kodeshia is listed among the countries that have proven crude oil reserves. In 2018 the reserve was approximately 4.5 billion barrels.

Telecommunication[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia's telecommunication network is the generally considered to be largest in the world by number of telephone users (both fixed and mobile phone) with over 450 million subscribers as on 31 January 2021. Kodeshia has among the world's largest Internet user-base with over 212 million broadband internet subscribers in the country. Kodeshia possesses a diversified communications system, which links all parts of the country by telephone, Internet, radio, television and satellite. The top three telecom operators in Kodeshia were SJ Corporation, Kodeshia Telecom and Jiangguo Telecom. The remaining companies included: Kodeshia Mobile, SNSC and K-Fone. Kodeshia has developed its own satellite navigation system, in partnership with Sanqing dubbed Tianxia, which began offering commercial navigation services across Kesh in 20XX as well as global services by the end of 20XX. Major sectors of the Kodeshi telecommunication industry are telephone, internet and television broadcast industry in the country which is in an ongoing process of transforming into next generation network, employs an extensive system of modern network elements such as digital telephone exchanges, mobile switching centres, media gateways and signalling gateways at the core, interconnected by a wide variety of transmission systems using fibre-optics or Microwave radio relay networks. The access network, which connects the subscriber to the core, is highly diversified with different copper-pair, optic-fibre and wireless technologies.

Water supply and sanitation[edit | edit source]

Water supply and sanitation infrastructure in Kodeshia is facing challenges such as rapid urbanization, as well as water scarcity, contamination, and pollution. Most of the country's urban water supply systems have been developed without proper management within the last 10 years. Based on surveys by the Ministry of Health, existing water production capacity exceeded demand, but service coverage is still sparse. Most of the clean water supply infrastructure is not widely developed. It is only available to a small proportion of the population. There is also concern over the safety of existing water resources for urban and rural water supply systems. Most industrial factories release their untreated wastewater directly into the water sources. Where the government does not take measures to address the issue, most domestic wastewater is discharged, untreated, back into the environment and pollutes the surface water.

In recent years, there have been some efforts and collaboration between local and foreign universities to develop access to safe water in the country by introducing water filtration systems. There is a growing concern among local populations over the serious public health issues associated with water contamination caused by pollution as well as the high levels of arsenic in groundwater sources. The government of Zahava has been providing aid focusing its investments mainly on water-related sectors including water treatment projects. KTEC and Sanqing led investments efforts into water treatment and water-related projects has expanded since the late 1990s.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia is a populous nation with a total population of 500,012,074 as of 2019.[12] The population has been growing at a rate of 1.19% per year, reflecting the nation's high birth rate and declining mortality rates. The median age in Kodeshia is 24.85, indicating a relatively young population.

Kodeshia is known for its cultural diversity, with a range of ethnicities and languages present throughout the nation. The largest ethnic group in Kodeshia is the Xiong, who make up 53% of the population. Other significant ethnic groups include the Na at 11%, Yao at 8%, Hanzu at 5%, and Hui at 3%. There are also many smaller ethnic groups that make up the remaining 19% of the population, with up to 150 living languages spoken in various regions and provinces. The national language of Kodeshia is Guoyu, a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon.

Parts of the nation are highly urbanised country, with three megacities as classified by the National Statistics Office of Kodeshia (國家統計局) Chenghai, with a population of 11,587,572, followed by Jianghua with 8,701,948, and the Imperial capital Songhari with 5,358,381 residents. The rest of the population is distributed across many smaller cities, towns and villages. Despite its urbanisation, the majority of the population resides in rural areas, with 66.21% living in rural regions and only 33.79% residing in urban areas.

The rapid movement of people from rural to urban areas has put a significant strain on Kodeshia's infrastructure, particularly in its largest cities. Despite these challenges, Kodeshia has achieved significant economic growth in recent years, and its population is expected to continue to increase in the coming decades. The government has placed a strong emphasis on economic development, and initiatives have been implemented to address issues such as poverty, environmental degradation, and social inequality. The country has also made significant strides in expanding access to education and healthcare, with literacy rates and life expectancies among the highest in the region.

Kodeshia's rich cultural heritage is reflected in its many traditions and customs, which are deeply intertwined with the country's history and diverse ethnic groups. While modernisation has brought many changes to the nation's way of life, Kodeshia's people continue to hold onto their unique customs and practices, contributing to the country's rich cultural fabric.

Language[edit | edit source]

Composition of Kodeshia by nationality

Guoyu is the national language and and has always been widely spoken throughout the country. Guoyu is a major variety of the language with a distinctive accent and lexicon. Despite this, there are up to 150 living languages spoken within various regions and provinces. As a result, Kodeshia is known for its linguistic diversity and has a rich tapestry of local languages. The official national language is Standard Guoyu, a variety of Guoyu based on the Songhari dialect. It is a widely spoken language and is used as a lingua franca across the country, particularly among people of different linguistic backgrounds. Standard Guoyu is used in official government and business communication, as well as in education.

The use of Standard Guoyu as the official national language of Kodeshia has been a subject of debate and controversy. Some language experts argue that it overlooks the diversity of local languages and dialects and that it should not be imposed on other groups. Despite this, the government has continued to promote the use of Standard Guoyu as a means of fostering national unity and cohesion.

The government has implemented policies to support the preservation of local languages and dialects, including the establishment of language schools and the creation of educational materials in local languages. Additionally, the government has encouraged the development of regional and local language media, including television and radio stations, to promote the use of local languages.

In recent years, the use of Standard Guoyu has been challenged by the emergence of new forms of media, particularly on the internet. Social media and messaging platforms have enabled people to communicate using a variety of local languages and dialects, leading some to argue that the use of Standard Guoyu may be declining in importance. Despite this, Standard Guoyu remains an important part of Kodeshi culture and identity.

Religion[edit | edit source]

The Yuhuang temple one of the oldest Xuanist temples constructed in Kodeshia.
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Religion in Kodeshia according to the KTEC Cultural and Tourism Centre survey, 2019

      Shangxuan Xuanism (88.5%)
      Folk Xuanism (4.5%)
      Haqiqatan (3.5%)
      Zhengxuan (1.4%)
      Messianism (0.8%)
      Da'ao Shu (0.5%)
      Ordonism (0.4%)
      Atheism (0.3%)
      Undeclared (0.2%)

Shangxuan Xuanism is the official religion of Kodeshia, practised by more than 90 percent of the population practising some form of it and with an estimated 8,392 monastery temples throughout the country. It is also an integral part of Kodeshi identity and culture. The Kodeshi Emperor is considered the Tianren or Person of Heaven and protector of Xuanism and Kodeshi civilisation. In the 2019 census, 88.5% of Kodesis population reported as following Shangxuan Xuanism; followed by 4.5% following some form of Folk Xuanism. Followed by 3.5% as Qara'aha, making Haqiqatan the second-largest religion in the country. However, the National Commission of Qara'aha Kodeshis (NCQK) disputes this and claims the adherence of about 5.8% of the total population. Most Qara'aha Kodeshis practice Ard al'Hasan according to although are a minority of Ard al-Nizae in the country. This was followed by 1.4% following the Zhengzuan tradition of Xuanism then Messianism with 0.8% of the population making Messianism the third-largest religion in the country outside of Haqiqatan and Xuanism. Then the Da'ao Shu tradition of Xuanism with 0.5% followed by Ordonism with 0.4% of the population and Atheism represented 0.3% of the population followed. The remaining 0.2% of the population did not provide an adequate answer.

Folk or popular religion, the most widespread system of beliefs and practices, has evolved and adapted since at least the second millennium BCE. Xuanism is the most popular and widely accepted domestic religion. These folk beliefs placed a heavy emphasis on belonging to the land. The with a collection of oral stories that were passed down from person to person contained and shaped native customs and practises. Native art, story and dance continue to draw on these spiritual traditions.

Since the arrival of Ordonism and later Haqiqatan and Messianism these religions have grown to influence the nation. While Ordonism and Haqiqatan have become dominant religions backed by many historical states that occupied areas of current day Kodeshia. There is a substantial and vocal Qara'aha population, particularly within Xibei, Yueshan, Shahai and Shizhou provinces.

Education[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia is a country that values education, as evidenced by its high literacy rate of 94.7% as of 2019. This figure breaks down into 93.5% for males and 95.9% for females. The country's educational system is highly subsidised and operates on a three-tiered model, with the government operating many schools at the primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels and subsidising many private schools, including those affiliated with Shangxuan Xuanism.

Kodeshia has one of the largest higher education systems in the world, with around 198 universities (95 provincial, 57 private and 46 national), 12,686 colleges (7,528 private, 4,921 provincial and 237 national), and 53,299 schools. The country has made significant strides in improving its education system in recent decades, with education often cited as one of the main contributors to its economic development. However, despite affirmative action policies aimed at historically disadvantaged groups, there remain inequalities in society that allow aristocracy and the elite to have better access to education.

The Kodeshi educational system is highly diverse and complex, reflecting the country's rich cultural heritage and diversity. The top three universities in Kodeshia are Songhari Imperial University, National Kodeshi University, and Chenghai University. Songhari Imperial University, located in the Imperial capital city of Songhari, is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the country and is renowned for its programs in the fields of arts and literature, humanities and social sciences. The National Kodeshi University, located in the city of Jianghua, is ranked amongst the top universities in the country and offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Chenghai University, located in the city of Chenghai, is a relatively new institution that has quickly established itself as one of the top universities in the country, particularly in the fields of business and technology.

Public education in Kodeshia comprises 12 years of primary and secondary education, with students who complete secondary education awarded a certificate known as the Senior School Certificate Examination. This certificate qualifies them for admission to higher education institutions, subject to meeting additional requirements. The country's education system is actively engaged in research and development, with universities contributing to the country's scientific and technological progress. This is supported by the government's investment in research and development, with a focus on scientific research and technological innovation.

Despite the country's large investment in education, there are still challenges facing the Kodeshi education system. The system's sheer size and complexity can make it difficult for the government to ensure uniform quality across all institutions. Additionally, disparities in funding and resource allocation can lead to unequal access to educational opportunities, particularly for students from less privileged backgrounds. Nonetheless, Kodeshia's commitment to education has contributed significantly to the country's economic and social development, and the government continues to invest in its educational system to ensure that future generations have access to high-quality education.

Health[edit | edit source]

The Kodeshia Constitution guarantees free, universal health care for all its citizens. As of 2019, the average life expectancy in Kodeshia was among the lowest in the region with an average 70.01 years, 72.8 years for women and 67.2 for men.

The government health insurance programme maintains compulsory insurance for citizens who are employed, impoverished, unemployed, or victims of natural disasters with fees that correlate to the individual and/or family income; it also maintains protection for non-citizens working in Kodeshia. A standardised method of calculation applies to all persons and can optionally be paid by an employer or by individual contributions. Despite these improvements, malnutrition is still common in rural provinces.

Since the Great Kesh War, the Guoist regime was the first to establish a nationwide health service. An emphasis on public health and preventive medicine has characterised Kodeshi health policy since the early 1950s. At that time, the Emperor launched a National Health Campaign, which was aimed at improving sanitation and hygiene, as well as treating and preventing several diseases. Diseases such as cholera, typhoid and scarlet fever, which were previously rife in Kodeshia, were nearly eradicated by the campaign.

In the late 1970s, the quality of healthcare declined to some degree as a result of budgetary constraints, a shift of responsibility to the provinces and the introduction of charges along with the domestic insurgency impacting the level and roll out of care to regional areas. Since the early 1990s, Kodeshia has made significant progress in combating malaria. The malaria mortality rate fell to about five per cent of its 1990s equivalent by 2005 after the country introduced improved antimalarial drugs and treatment.

The controversial use of herbicides as a chemical weapon by the Tiperyn and Selengerian militaries during the Great Kesh War left tangible, long-term impacts upon the Kodeshi people that persist in the country today. For instance, it led to six million Kodeshi people suffering health problems, one million birth defects caused directly by exposure to the chemical and 10% of Kodeshia's land being defoliated. In addition Kodeshia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world. According to some estimates, unexploded land mines have been responsible for over 100,000 civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since 1960. The number of reported landmine casualties has sharply decreased as Kodeshi and international demining programs are carried out. Kodeshia is expected to be free of land mines by 2020. But the social and economic legacy, including orphans and amputees, is expected to affect Kodeshia for years to come as the long term effects filter through society.

Culture[edit | edit source]

Kodeshi culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago. The culture prevails across a large geographical region in East Kesh and is extremely diverse and varying, with customs and traditions varying greatly between provinces, cities, and even towns as well as such Kodeshia has a multicultural, multilingual and multi-ethnic society, with a complex cultural mixture. Since ancient times, Kodeshi culture has been heavily influenced by Taoism. Kodeshi civilization is historically considered the dominant culture of East Kesh. As Kodeshia was one of the earliest ancient civilizations within the region, Kodeshi culture exerts profound influence on the philosophy, virtue, etiquette, and traditions of Asia to date. Kodeshi language, ceramics, architecture, music, dance, literature, martial arts, cuisine, visual arts, philosophy, business etiquette, religion, politics, and history have global influence, while its traditions and festivals are also celebrated, and practiced by people around the world. Kodeshia leads Sanqing an international organization that includes HCCK and Qingcheng that represents Kodeshi civilization and culture.

Arts[edit | edit source]

Examples of Kodeshi Art. Clockwise from top: Traditional Kodeshi Carved lacquer box, Zhou dynasty ceramics, Kodeshi opera, Traditional Kodeshi Shan shui painting.

The art of Kodeshia encompasses many disciplines, including architecture, ceramics, textiles, lacquerware, metalworking, weaving, painting, and calligraphy. Kodeshi works of art show a great variety in style, in different regions and periods. Kodeshia has an ancient tradition of art, which has exchanged influences with the parts of Kesh. Kodeshi art has arguably one of the oldest continuous tradition in the world. Different forms of art have swayed under the influence of great philosophers, teachers, religious figures and even political figures. Kodeshi art, like Kodeshi history, is typically classified by the succession of ruling dynasties of Kodeshi emperors, most of which lasted several hundred years. Kodeshi art encompasses all facets of fine art, folk art and performance art. Porcelain pottery was one of the first forms of art in the Palaeolithic period. Early Kodeshi music and poetry was influenced by classical Taoist poetry. Kodeshi painting became a highly appreciated art in court circles encompassing a wide variety of Shan shui with specialized styles such as Zhou dynasty painting. Early Kodeshi music was based on percussion instruments, which later gave away to stringed and reed instruments. By the Zu dynasty papercutting became a new art form after the invention of paper. Kodeshi opera would also be introduced and branched regionally in addition to other performance formats such as variety arts.

Media[edit | edit source]

Kodeshia's media sector is regulated by the government, the Ministry of Information monitors and controls domestic media and restricted foreign media. According to most outside observers since the Xuanyi Restoration, political discourse has been unrestricted in Kodeshia; however, there are persistent concerns that remain. The national security laws that allow the government to limit the expression of ideas deemed damaging to the security of the nation; the nature of this statute leave it open to wide interpretations which could be used to prevent peaceful protests or dissents. In addition, the government has brought a libel suit against many of the major national newspapers, and the government has stated that editorials are subject to legal action if they are found to contain falsehoods. Outside observers have criticised these pressure tactics which are used by both the Kodeshi government and the business community to influence reporting as harsh and reminiscent of the Guoist-era tactics to control the media. Despite this though some newspapers are relatively outspoken.

The Songhari Times is Kodeshia's main newspapers are owned by the government and political parties in the ruling coalition. Although some major opposition parties also have their own, which are openly sold alongside regular newspapers. A divide exists between the media between government approved and opposition news media sources. Major newspapers include The Chenghai Times, Kodeshi Daily News, The Kodeshi Post, The Grienstien Herald and National Daily News. There are some foreign language newspapers along with numerous Kodeshi newspapers in circulation. Most Kodeshi popular magazines use Anglic characters for headlines as a chic glamour factor. The five nationwide television networks are Kodeshi Broadcasting Corporation-1, Kodeshi Broadcasting Corporation-2 and Kodeshi Broadcasting Corporation-3 (public broadcast), National Kodeshi Broadcasting Service (run as a public organization), and Jianghe TV Network (a commercial broadcaster). Kodeshia has numerous public, non-profit television and radio stations. Many Kodeshi households have access to broadband Internet access and the online media, the marketplace is growing rapidly. Today, much of the news in Kodeshia is delivered through electronic means and the country is at the leading edge of the digital revolution and a trailblazer for high-speed and wireless internet services.

Freedom of the press is limited, with numerous restrictions on publishing rights and information dissemination. The government has previously tried to crack down on opposition papers before elections. Government agencies have been known to issue directives to all private television and radio stations to refrain from broadcasting speeches made by opposition leaders, a move condemned by politicians from the opposition parties. The Yuhai Islands, where all tabloids but one are independent of government control, has the freest press in Kodeshia. The Grienstien Herald a well known Yuhai Islands newspaper is one of the most outspoken and independent.

Cuisine[edit | edit source]

The national drink and national dish of the country.

Kodeshi cuisine is highly diverse, drawing on several millennia of culinary history and geographical variety. All of them are featured by the precise skills of shaping, heating, and flavouring. Kodeshi cuisine is also known for its width of cooking methods and ingredients, as well as food therapy that is emphasized by traditional Kodeshi medicine. Generally, Kodeshia's staple food is rice and noodles. The diet of the common people in pre-modern times was largely grain and simple vegetables, with meat reserved for special occasions and the bean products, such as tofu and soy milk, remain as a popular source of protein. Pork is now the most popular meat in Kodeshia, accounting for about three-fourths of the country's total meat consumption. While pork dominates the meat market, there is also the vegetarian cuisine and the pork-free Kodeshi Haqiqatic cuisine. Southern cuisine, due to the area's proximity to the ocean, has a wide variety of seafood and vegetables; it differs in many respects from inland northern Kodeshia diets. Numerous offshoots of Kodeshi food, have emerged in the nations that play host to the Kodeshia diaspora. The Kodeshi fast food restaurant chain Zhenkekou has brought Kodeshi cuisine to much wider prominence across the world.

Sport and recreation[edit | edit source]

A multi-venue sports stadium in Kodeshia.

Kodeshia has one of the oldest sporting cultures in the world. There is evidence that archery was practiced during the Guo dynasty. Swordplay and cuju, a sport loosely related to association football date back to Kodeshia's early dynasties as well. Physical fitness is widely emphasized in Kodeshi culture, with morning exercises such as qigong and t'ai chi ch'uan widely practiced, and commercial gyms and private fitness clubs are gaining popularity across the country. Kodeshia's professional football league, the Kodeshi Super League, has become very popular. The Kodeshi Football Association have a huge following among the people, with native or ethnic Hanzu players such as Ho Yong held in high esteem. Other popular sports in the country include xiangqi, mahjong, chess, kickboxing, skiing, gymnastics, archery, cycling, martial arts, horse-riding, dragon boat racing, volleyball, and forms of auto racing such as Rally, GT and Formula levels are popular.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Kodeshia's GDP PPP". Retrieved 29 March, 2015.
  2. "Kodeshia's GDP PPP per capita". Retrieved 29 March, 2015.
  3. "Kodeshia's GDP (nominal)". Retrieved 29 March, 2015.
  4. "Kodeshia's GDP (nominal) per capita". Retrieved 29 March, 2015.
  5. "Anterran Bureau for Geography calculations". Retrieved 9 December , 2022.
  6. "Anterra Intelligence listed total reserves as 20,000,000 for many years, assuming a Great Kesh War-style callup. The potential reserve personnel of Kodeshia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  7. Wu, Xingyue (8 August 2019). "Cao Mingzhu's Defence Reforms". The Chenghai Times. https://thechenghaitimes.co.ko/2019/08/08/defence-minister-reforms/. 
  8. Li, Shen (5 July 2012). "Kodeshia's economy: an overview". Kodeshi Journal. http://kodeshijournal.co.ko//2012/07/rise.html. 
  9. "Imperialism by Geun Jae-hyeon via Jingfang Books. p.723. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  10. "Kodeshia' GDP (nominal) per capita". Retrieved 28 June, 2014.
  11. Hsu, Guang (4 May 1985). "Key industries of Kodeshia". Shanhejian News Agency. http://shanhejiannewsagency.ko/eng/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=DSC28501504.05.1965&l=mi&eall. 
  12. "National Statistics Office of Kodeshia estimate". Retrieved 12 January, 2023.

External links[edit | edit source]

General information